Synthesis

Species description (Flora Helvetica 2018)

5-25 cm hoch. Blätter immergrün, verkehrt-eiförmig bis lanzettlich, mit nach vorn gerichteten Zähnen, im unteren Teil des Stängels gehäuft. Blüten zu 3-7 in einer endständigen Dolde, nickend. Krone rosa, 5-6 mm lang, zusammenneigend. Griffel kurz, z.T. im Fruchtknoten versenkt, unter der Narbe verdickt. Fruchtkapsel aufrecht.

Flowering period (Flora Helvetica 2018)

6-7

Habitat and distribution inside Switzerland (Flora Helvetica 2018)

Föhrenwälder / kollin / Früher ZH und BE

World distribution (Flora Helvetica 2018)

Eurosibirisch-nordamerikanisch

Ecological indicator (Landolt & al. 2010)

222-234.c.hp.2n=26
.

Distribution map

Simple

Before threshold year
After threshold year
Before and after threshold year

Advanced

Colors
Validated observations
Observations waiting for validation
Occurrences from Atlas Welten & Sutter (1982) and supplements (1984, 1994) without confirmation in the Info Flora database since
Symbols
Before threshold year
After threshold year
Native
Reintroduced
Not native / introduced / subspontaneous / escaped
Doubtful

Number of observations

Below the threshold number of observations
Above or equal the threshold number of observations

Ecology

Life form

Subfructicose chamaephyte, Semiparasite

Habitats

Habitats Delarze & al. 2015

Character species 6.4.4 - Kalkarmer Föhrenwald (Dicrano-Pinion)

bold Dominant species, influencing the appearance of the habitat
Character species Character species
Less strictly linked to a specific habitat Less strictly linked to a specific habitat

Ecological indicator values by Landolt & al. (2010)

Soil factors Climatic factors Salinity tolerance
Humidity Value H 2 Light Value L 2 Salinity Index --
Reaction Value R 2 Temperature factor T 3
Nutriments value N 2 Continentality K 4
  • Ecological values legend
    Humidity Value H
    1very dry
    1+dry
    2moderatly dry
    2+moist
    3medium wet
    3+wet
    4very wet
    4+soggy
    5submerged or underwater
    fplants living in running water
    umostly submerged plants
    vpartly submerged, partly floating plants
    whumidity moderately variable (± scale of 1-2)
    w+highly variable humidity (scale exceeding ± 2)
    Reaction Value R
    1Very acid (pH 2.5-5.5)
    2acid (pH 3.5-6.5)
    3lightly acid to neutral (pH 4.5-7.5)
    4neutral to basic (pH 5.5-8.5)
    5basic (pH 6-5 -> 8.5
    Nutriments value N
    1very low in nutrients
    2low in nutriments
    3medium-poor to medium-rich in nutrients
    4rich in nutriments
    5very rich in nutriments
    Salinity tolerance
    1halotolerant
    3halophyle
    Light Value L
    1very shady
    2shady
    3lighted areas
    4luminous
    5highly luminous
    Temperature factor T
    1alpine to nival stages (from the treeline to the snowline)
    1+suprasubalpine and upper subalpine levels (pine and larch forests)
    2subalpine level (coniferous forests without beeches up to the upper limit of spruces)
    2+lower subalpine and upper mountain stages
    3mountain level (beech and silver fir forests, in the central Alps Scots pine forests)
    3+lower mountain and upper hill levels
    4hill level (mixed deciduous oak forests)
    4+hot places, hill level
    5very hot places, hill level (only in the hottest places, typical of southern Europe)
    Continentality K
    1Atlantic (high air humidity, very low temperature variations, mild winters)
    2Sub-Atlantic (high air humidity, low temperature variations, relatively mild winters)
    3sub-Atlantic to subcontinental (average air humidity, moderately variable temperature, slightly low winter temperatures)
    4subcontinental (low air humidity, large temperature variations, rather cold winters)
    5continental (very low air humidity, very large temperature variations, cold winters)

Water dependency

Rivers 0 - No link
Calm water 0 - No link
Ground water 0 - No link

Nomenclature

Vernacular name

Deutscher Name:
Winterlieb
Nom français:
Chimaphile ombellée
Nome italiano:
Chimafila

Match with other reference books

Relation Nom Book No
=Chimaphila umbellata (L.) W. P. C. BartonChecklist 2017110200
=Chimaphila umbellata (L.) W. P. C. BartonFlora Helvetica 2001807
=Chimaphila umbellata (L.) W. P. C. BartonFlora Helvetica 20121347
=Chimaphila umbellata (L.) W. P. C. BartonFlora Helvetica 20181347
=Chimaphila umbellata (L.) W. P. C. BartonIndex synonymique 1996110200
=Chimaphila umbellata (L.) W. P. C. BartonLandolt 19772266
=Chimaphila umbellata (L.) W. P. C. BartonLandolt 19911842
=Chimaphila umbellata (L.) W. P. C. BartonSISF/ISFS 2110200
=Chimaphila umbellata (L.) W. P. C. BartonWelten & Sutter 19821212

= The taxon corresponds to the accepted taxon (Checklist 2017)
< The taxon is included in the accepted taxon (Checklist 2017)
> The taxon includes (among others) also the accepted taxon (Checklist 2017)

Status

Native status   -  -

Status on national Red List 2016

IUCN status:   Regionally extinct

LC: Non menacé

Additional information

IUCN criteria: --

Status on regional Red List 2019

Biogregraphic regions Status IUCN criteria
Jura (JU) --
Mittelland (MP) RE
Alpennordflanke (NA) --
Westliche Zentralalpen (WA) --
Östliche Zentralalpen (EA) --
Alpensüdflanke (SA) --
  • Legend
    EXExtinct
    RERegionally Extinct
    CR(PE)Critically Endangered, Probably Extinct
    CRCritically Endangered
    ENEndangered
    VUVulnerable
    NTNear Threatened
    LCLeast Concern

IUCN list of endangered species (Walter & Gillett 1997)

No

National Priority Species List Status

National Priority 2 - high national priority
Need to take action 99 -
International responsibility 1 - weak
Need to monitor populations 1 -

Protection status

International (Bern Convention) No
ZHtotal protection (03.12.1964)
Switzerland --
  • Disclaimer
    InfoFlora compiles information on protected species as accurately as possible, taking it from the respective cantonal laws. In some cases, however, it was not possible to use the plant names as listed in the original text, but an interpretation of their taxonomy or nomenclature was necessary. The exact meaning of the categories „completely protected“ and „partially protected“ differs among the cantons.

    InfoFlora cannot guarantee that the information on the protection status is correct and complete. In case of doubts, we recommend to look up the texts of the respective cantonal law.

Threats and measures

Forstwirtschaft (Fichtenaufforstungen, zu dichte Bestände, Brombeeren), Forststrassen

Priorität für die Fundstellen
angepasste Waldnutzung

Beschattung, Konkurrenz

An den früheren Fundstellen auslichten, dadurch kämen evtl. Samen einer möglicherweise noch vorhandenen Samenbank der Art zum Keimen

Bereits erloschene Bestände

Gelegentliche Kontrollen der ehemaligen Fundstellen
Wiederansiedlungen wegen fehlendem indigenem Material und Schwierigkeiten bei der Kultivierung zurückstellen

More informations

Species conservation

Conservation fact sheet (in german)