Synthesis

Species description (Flora Helvetica 2018)

5-20 cm hoch. Stängel rund, steif aufrecht, mit langen oberirdischen Ausläufern. Blätter 1-2 mm breit, flach, steif aufrecht. Blütenstand endständig, dicht eiförmig-kopfig, ca. 1 cm lang, mit wenigen, armblütigen Ährchen, alle unten weiblich, oben männlich. Narben 2. Deckspelzen spitz, braun, mit hellem Rand. Fruchtschläuche rotbraun, in den sehr kurzen Schnabel verschmälert, 3,5-4 mm lang.

Flowering period (Flora Helvetica 2018)

5-6

Habitat and distribution inside Switzerland (Flora Helvetica 2018)

Hochmoore / kollin-montan / Vereinzelt J, M, AN

World distribution (Flora Helvetica 2018)

Eurosibirisch-nordamerikanisch

Ecological indicator (Landolt & al. 2010)

5w21-43+3.g.2n=60
.

Distribution map

Simple

Before threshold year
After threshold year
Before and after threshold year

Advanced

Colors
Validated observations
Observations waiting for validation
Occurrences from Atlas Welten & Sutter (1982) and supplements (1984, 1994) without confirmation in the Info Flora database since
Symbols
Before threshold year
After threshold year
Native
Reintroduced
Not native / introduced / subspontaneous / escaped
Doubtful

Number of observations

Below the threshold number of observations
Above or equal the threshold number of observations

Ecology

Life form

Geophyte

Habitats

Habitats Delarze & al. 2015

Character species 2.2.4 - Übergangsmoor (Caricion lasiocarpae)

bold Dominant species, influencing the appearance of the habitat
Character species Character species
Less strictly linked to a specific habitat Less strictly linked to a specific habitat

Ecological indicator values by Landolt & al. (2010)

Soil factors Climatic factors Salinity tolerance
Humidity Value H 5w Light Value L 4 Salinity Index --
Reaction Value R 2 Temperature factor T 3+
Nutriments value N 1 Continentality K 3
  • Ecological values legend
    Humidity Value H
    1very dry
    1+dry
    2moderatly dry
    2+moist
    3medium wet
    3+wet
    4very wet
    4+soggy
    5submerged or underwater
    fplants living in running water
    umostly submerged plants
    vpartly submerged, partly floating plants
    whumidity moderately variable (± scale of 1-2)
    w+highly variable humidity (scale exceeding ± 2)
    Reaction Value R
    1Very acid (pH 2.5-5.5)
    2acid (pH 3.5-6.5)
    3lightly acid to neutral (pH 4.5-7.5)
    4neutral to basic (pH 5.5-8.5)
    5basic (pH 6-5 -> 8.5
    Nutriments value N
    1very low in nutrients
    2low in nutriments
    3medium-poor to medium-rich in nutrients
    4rich in nutriments
    5very rich in nutriments
    Salinity tolerance
    1halotolerant
    3halophyle
    Light Value L
    1very shady
    2shady
    3lighted areas
    4luminous
    5highly luminous
    Temperature factor T
    1alpine to nival stages (from the treeline to the snowline)
    1+suprasubalpine and upper subalpine levels (pine and larch forests)
    2subalpine level (coniferous forests without beeches up to the upper limit of spruces)
    2+lower subalpine and upper mountain stages
    3mountain level (beech and silver fir forests, in the central Alps Scots pine forests)
    3+lower mountain and upper hill levels
    4hill level (mixed deciduous oak forests)
    4+hot places, hill level
    5very hot places, hill level (only in the hottest places, typical of southern Europe)
    Continentality K
    1Atlantic (high air humidity, very low temperature variations, mild winters)
    2Sub-Atlantic (high air humidity, low temperature variations, relatively mild winters)
    3sub-Atlantic to subcontinental (average air humidity, moderately variable temperature, slightly low winter temperatures)
    4subcontinental (low air humidity, large temperature variations, rather cold winters)
    5continental (very low air humidity, very large temperature variations, cold winters)

Nomenclature

Vernacular name

Deutscher Name:
Schnurwurzel-Segge, Ranken-Segge
Nom français:
Laîche à longs rhizomes
Nome italiano:
Carice a rizomi allungati

Match with other reference books

Relation Nom Book No
=Carex chordorrhiza L. f.Checklist 201785100
=Carex chordorrhiza L. f.Flora Helvetica 20012518
=Carex chordorrhiza L. f.Flora Helvetica 20122694
=Carex chordorrhiza L. f.Flora Helvetica 20182694
=Carex chordorrhiza L. f.Index synonymique 199685100
=Carex chordorrhiza L. f.Landolt 1977467
=Carex chordorrhiza L. f.Landolt 1991409
=Carex chordorrhiza L. f.SISF/ISFS 285100
=Carex chordorrhiza L. f.Welten & Sutter 19822435

= The taxon corresponds to the accepted taxon (Checklist 2017)
< The taxon is included in the accepted taxon (Checklist 2017)
> The taxon includes (among others) also the accepted taxon (Checklist 2017)

Status

Native status   -  -

Status on national Red List 2016

IUCN status:   Endangered

LC: Non menacé

Additional information

IUCN criteria: A4c

Status on regional Red List 2019

Biogregraphic regions Status IUCN criteria
Jura (JU) ENA4c
Mittelland (MP) CRB2ab(iii)
Alpennordflanke (NA) CRB2ab(iii)
Westliche Zentralalpen (WA) --
Östliche Zentralalpen (EA) --
Alpensüdflanke (SA) --
  • Legend
    EXExtinct
    RERegionally Extinct
    CR(PE)Critically Endangered, Probably Extinct
    CRCritically Endangered
    ENEndangered
    VUVulnerable
    NTNear Threatened
    LCLeast Concern

IUCN list of endangered species (Walter & Gillett 1997)

No

National Priority Species List Status

National Priority 2 - high national priority
Need to take action 2 -
International responsibility 2 - medium
Need to monitor populations 2 -

Protection status

International (Bern Convention) No
VDtotal protection (02.03.2005)
Switzerland --
  • Disclaimer
    InfoFlora compiles information on protected species as accurately as possible, taking it from the respective cantonal laws. In some cases, however, it was not possible to use the plant names as listed in the original text, but an interpretation of their taxonomy or nomenclature was necessary. The exact meaning of the categories „completely protected“ and „partially protected“ differs among the cantons.

    InfoFlora cannot guarantee that the information on the protection status is correct and complete. In case of doubts, we recommend to look up the texts of the respective cantonal law.

Threats and measures

Torfabbau, Auswirkungen des früheren Abbaus, Austrocknung

Kein Torfabbau
Wasserhaushalt stabilisieren und evtl. lokal vernässen.

natürliche Sukzession

Vorsichtige Reduktion von Konkurrenzpflanzen, jedoch Schonung anderer seltener Arten

Beweidung, Eutrophierung

Einzäunen
grosse Pufferzonen schaffen

Verbuschung, Verwaldung

Offenhalten der Moorfläche
entbuschen

Wasserstandsregulierung

Natürliches Wasserregime erhalten
keine raschen, grossen Wasserstandsänderungen

wenige, isolierte Populationen

Schutz aller Vorkommen (Mikroreservate)
regelmässige Bestandeskontrollen
Dauerflächen-Beobachtung
ex-situ-Vermehrung in Botanischen Gärten für spätere Wiederansiedlungen
Detailkartierung der aktuellen Fundstellen und Monitoring (Methode PopCount)
Erfolgskontrollen der Massnahmen gewährleisten

Anatomy

Images and descriptions (© Fritz H. Schweingruber & Hugo Berger)

text alt Leaves, 100x
text alt Leaves, 400x
text alt Stems, 100x
text alt Stems 400x

Summary of leaf anatomy (German)

Obere Epidermiszellen grösser als untere. Epidermis mit Papillen. Verbindungs-Steg zwischen oberer und unterer Epidermis homogen verholzt. Leitbündel im Verbindungs-Steg in der Mitte eingebettet. Leitbündelhülle nicht verholzt.

Summary of stem anatomy (German)

Umriss rund oder oval. Leitbündel in einer Reihe. Kleine Interzellularen, oft dreieckig. Grosse runde oder ovale Intercellularen. Epidermiszellen verholzt.

Description

Culm-diameter 1-2 mm, wall large, radius of culm in relation to wall thickness approximately 1: 0.5. Outline circular with a smooth surface. Culm-center hollow and surrounded by a few thin-walled, not lignified cells. Epidermis cells thick-walled all around. Cuticula very thick. Large vascular bundles arranged in one peripheral row. Chlorenchyma present, continuous peripheral belt with unlignified round cells (like a large cortex). Sclerenchyma belt in a small, peripheral continuous belt (< 4 cells). Cells thick-walled. Vascular bundles collateral closed. Small sclerenchymatic sheath around vascular bundles with 1-2 cells. Vessels arrangement in vascular bundles in lateral position. Largest vessel in the bundle 20-50 μm. Cavities (intercellulars) between parenchyma-cells small, often triangular. Cavities (intercellulars) between parenchyma-cells round, oval or radial. Distinct cavities (intercellulars) in the protoxylem area of vascular bundles. Crystals absent. The picture probably presents a leaf sheet.

In-situ measures