Primula elatior (L.) L. subsp. elatior

Primula elatior (L.) L. subsp. elatior

ISFS : 326000
Checklist : 1036210


Species description (© Flora Helvetica 2018)

10-25 cm hoch. Blätter in grundständiger Rosette, eiförmig, plötzlich in den geflügelten Stiel zusammengezogen, runzelig, kurz behaart, fein und unregelmässig gezähnt. Blüten in vielblütiger, einseitiger Dolde. Krone hellgelb, gegen den Schlund nur wenig dunkler. Kelch nicht aufgeblasen, kantig, Kelchzähne >2x so lang wie breit. Kronsaum weit trichterförmig, mit wenig ausgerandeten Zipfeln. Kapsel 10-15 mm lang, deutlich länger als der Kelch.

Flowering period (© Flora Helvetica 2018)


Habitat and distribution inside Switzerland (© Flora Helvetica 2018)

Feuchte Wiesen, Wälder, Gebüsche / kollin-subalpin(-alpin) / CH

World distribution (© Flora Helvetica 2018)


Ecological indicator (© Landolt & al. 2010)



National Priority


International responsibility


Distribution map


Before threshold year
After threshold year
Before and after threshold year


Validated observations
Observations waiting for validation
Occurrences from Atlas Welten & Sutter (1982) and supplements (1984, 1994) without confirmation in the Info Flora database since
Before threshold year
After threshold year
Not native / introduced / subspontaneous / escaped

Number of observations

Below the threshold number of observations
Above or equal the threshold number of observations

Habitat and distribution inside Switzerland


World distribution



Life form

Perennial hemicryptophyte


Habitats © Delarze & al. 2015

Less strictly linked to a specific habitat 4.5.2 - Bergfettwiese (Goldhaferwiese) (Polygono-Trisetion)
Less strictly linked to a specific habitat 6.1.4 - Hartholz-Auenwald (Fraxinion)
Less strictly linked to a specific habitat 6.2.5 - Tannen-Buchenwald (Abieti-Fagenion)
Less strictly linked to a specific habitat 6.6.1 - Tannen-Fichtenwald (Abieti-Piceion)

bold Dominant species, influencing the appearance of the habitat
Character species Character species
Less strictly linked to a specific habitat Less strictly linked to a specific habitat

Ecological indicator values by © Landolt & al. (2010)

Soil factors Climatic factors Salinity tolerance
Humidity Value H 3+ Light Value L 2 Salinity Index --
Reaction Value R 4 Temperature factor T 3
Nutriments value N 3 Continentality K 2
  • Ecological values legend
    Humidity Value H
    1very dry
    2moderatly dry
    3medium wet
    4very wet
    5submerged or underwater
    fplants living in running water
    umostly submerged plants
    vpartly submerged, partly floating plants
    whumidity moderately variable (± scale of 1-2)
    w+highly variable humidity (scale exceeding ± 2)
    Reaction Value R
    1Very acid (pH 2.5-5.5)
    2acid (pH 3.5-6.5)
    3lightly acid to neutral (pH 4.5-7.5)
    4neutral to basic (pH 5.5-8.5)
    5basic (pH 6-5 -> 8.5
    Nutriments value N
    1very low in nutrients
    2low in nutriments
    3medium-poor to medium-rich in nutrients
    4rich in nutriments
    5very rich in nutriments
    Salinity tolerance
    Light Value L
    1very shady
    3lighted areas
    5highly luminous
    Temperature factor T
    1alpine to nival stages (from the treeline to the snowline)
    1+suprasubalpine and upper subalpine levels (pine and larch forests)
    2subalpine level (coniferous forests without beeches up to the upper limit of spruces)
    2+lower subalpine and upper mountain stages
    3mountain level (beech and silver fir forests, in the central Alps Scots pine forests)
    3+lower mountain and upper hill levels
    4hill level (mixed deciduous oak forests)
    4+hot places, hill level
    5very hot places, hill level (only in the hottest places, typical of southern Europe)
    Continentality K
    1Atlantic (high air humidity, very low temperature variations, mild winters)
    2Sub-Atlantic (high air humidity, low temperature variations, relatively mild winters)
    3sub-Atlantic to subcontinental (average air humidity, moderately variable temperature, slightly low winter temperatures)
    4subcontinental (low air humidity, large temperature variations, rather cold winters)
    5continental (very low air humidity, very large temperature variations, cold winters)


Accepted Name (Checklist 2017)

Primula elatior (L.) L. subsp. elatior

Vernacular name

Deutscher Name :

Wald-Schlüsselblume, Hohe Schlüsselblume

Nom français :

Primevère élevée

Nome italiano :

Primula maggiore

Match with other reference books

Relation Nom Book No
=Primula elatior (L.) L. subsp. elatiorChecklist 2017326000
=Primula elatior (L.) L. s.str.Flora Helvetica 2001810
=Primula elatior (L.) L. s.str.Flora Helvetica 20121350
=Primula elatior (L.) L. subsp. elatiorFlora Helvetica 20181350
=Primula elatior (L.) L. s.str.Index synonymique 1996326000
=Primula elatior (L.) L. s.str.Landolt 19772298
=Primula elatior (L.) L. s.str.Landolt 19911871
=Primula elatior (L.) L. s.str.SISF/ISFS 2326000
=Primula elatior (L.) L. s.str.Welten & Sutter 19821233
= The taxon corresponds to the accepted taxon (Checklist 2017)
< The taxon is included in the accepted taxon (Checklist 2017)
> The taxon includes (among others) also the accepted taxon (Checklist 2017)

Checklist 2017 comments

Wegfall des Ausdrucks s.str.: Alle «im engeren Sinn» (sensu stricto, s.str.) gefassten Arten werden neu in Unterarten mit gleichlautendem Unterart-Epithet gefasst (autonyme Unterart).


Native status

IUCN list of endangered species (© Walter & Gillett 1997) : No

Status on national Red List


National Priority Species List Status

National Priority --
Need to take action --
International responsibility --
Need to monitor populations --

Protection status

International (Bern Convention) No
JUpartial protection (06.12.1978)
Switzerland --
  • Disclaimer
    InfoFlora compiles information on protected species as accurately as possible, taking it from the respective cantonal laws. In some cases, however, it was not possible to use the plant names as listed in the original text, but an interpretation of their taxonomy or nomenclature was necessary. The exact meaning of the categories „completely protected“ and „partially protected“ differs among the cantons.

    InfoFlora cannot guarantee that the information on the protection status is correct and complete. In case of doubts, we recommend to look up the texts of the respective cantonal law.

Status by sector of activity

Agriculture-related environmental objectives : L - more informations