Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.

ISFS : 402800
Checklist : 1044850


Species description (© Flora Helvetica 2018)

60-150(-200) cm hoch. Blätter 1-2 cm breit, glatt. Blatthäutchen bis 2 mm lang, behaart. Blütenstand eine bis 30 cm lange, lockere Rispe. Ährchen einblütig, 4-5 mm lang, gelb bis violett, weich behaart, die seitlichen zu 2, je ein sitzendes zwittriges und ein gestieltes männliches Ährchen, das zwittrige mit oder ohne feine Granne, das männliche stets unbegrannt. Hüllspelzen 3, länger als die Deckspelze.

Flowering period (© Flora Helvetica 2018)


Habitat and distribution inside Switzerland (© Flora Helvetica 2018)

Ödland, Schuttplätze / kollin / TI, sonst zerstreut

World distribution (© Flora Helvetica 2018)

Ursprünglich ostafrikanisch-südwestasiatisch

Ecological indicator (© Flora Helvetica 2018)



Summary of leaf anatomy (German)

Obere Epidermiszellen gleich gross wie untere. Verbindungs-Steg zwischen oberer und unterer Epidermis aus verholzten und nicht verholzten Zellen. Leitbündel im Verbindungs-Steg in der Mitte eingebettet. Leitbündelhülle verholzt.

Summary of stem anatomy (German)

Umriss rund oder oval. Leitbündel in mehreren Reihen. Epidermiszellen verholzt. Chlorenchyma in peripheren runden, ovalen oder rechteckigen Gruppen.


Culm-diameter 2-5 mm, center full, radius of culm in relation to wall thickness 1:1. Outline circular with a smooth surface. Culm-center full, containing unlignified cells. Epidermis- cells thin-walled all around. Large vascular bundles arranged in 2-3 peripheral rows. Chlorenchyma absent. Sclerenchyma in a large, peripheral continuous belt (> 3 cells). Cells medium thick-walled. Sclerenchymatic sheath around vascular bundles large, 3 to x cells. Largest vessels in vascular bundles in lateral position. Cavities (intercellulars) between parenchyma-cells present, small, often triangular. Distinct cavities (intercellulars) in the protoxylem area of vascular bundles.

Distribution map


Before threshold year
After threshold year
Before and after threshold year


Validated observations
Observations waiting for validation
Occurrences from Atlas Welten & Sutter (1982) and supplements (1984, 1994) without confirmation in the Info Flora database since
Before threshold year
After threshold year
Not native / introduced / subspontaneous / escaped

Number of observations

Below the threshold number of observations
Above or equal the threshold number of observations

Habitat and distribution inside Switzerland

TI, sonst zerstreut

World distribution

Ursprünglich ostafrikanisch-südwestasiatisch


Life form



Habitats © Delarze & al. 2015

Less strictly linked to a specific habitat - Kalkarmer, lehmiger Hackfruchtacker (Polygono-Chenopodion)

bold Dominant species, influencing the appearance of the habitat
Character species Character species
Less strictly linked to a specific habitat Less strictly linked to a specific habitat

Ecological indicator values by © Landolt & al. (2010)

Soil factors Climatic factors Salinity tolerance
Humidity Value H 2w Light Value L 4 Salinity Index --
Reaction Value R 4 Temperature factor T 5
Nutriments value N 4 Continentality K 2
  • Ecological values legend
    Humidity Value H
    1very dry
    2moderatly dry
    3medium wet
    4very wet
    5submerged or underwater
    fplants living in running water
    umostly submerged plants
    vpartly submerged, partly floating plants
    whumidity moderately variable (± scale of 1-2)
    w+highly variable humidity (scale exceeding ± 2)
    Reaction Value R
    1Very acid (pH 2.5-5.5)
    2acid (pH 3.5-6.5)
    3lightly acid to neutral (pH 4.5-7.5)
    4neutral to basic (pH 5.5-8.5)
    5basic (pH 6-5 -> 8.5
    Nutriments value N
    1very low in nutrients
    2low in nutriments
    3medium-poor to medium-rich in nutrients
    4rich in nutriments
    5very rich in nutriments
    Salinity tolerance
    Light Value L
    1very shady
    3lighted areas
    5highly luminous
    Temperature factor T
    1alpine to nival stages (from the treeline to the snowline)
    1+suprasubalpine and upper subalpine levels (pine and larch forests)
    2subalpine level (coniferous forests without beeches up to the upper limit of spruces)
    2+lower subalpine and upper mountain stages
    3mountain level (beech and silver fir forests, in the central Alps Scots pine forests)
    3+lower mountain and upper hill levels
    4hill level (mixed deciduous oak forests)
    4+hot places, hill level
    5very hot places, hill level (only in the hottest places, typical of southern Europe)
    Continentality K
    1Atlantic (high air humidity, very low temperature variations, mild winters)
    2Sub-Atlantic (high air humidity, low temperature variations, relatively mild winters)
    3sub-Atlantic to subcontinental (average air humidity, moderately variable temperature, slightly low winter temperatures)
    4subcontinental (low air humidity, large temperature variations, rather cold winters)
    5continental (very low air humidity, very large temperature variations, cold winters)


Accepted Name (Checklist 2017)

Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.

Vernacular name

Deutscher Name :

Wilde Mohrenhirse, Aleppohirse

Nom français :

Sorgho d'Alep

Nome italiano :

Sorgo selvatico, Sorgo d'Aleppo

Match with other reference books

Relation Nom Book No
=Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.Checklist 2017402800
=Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.Flora Helvetica 20012805
=Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.Flora Helvetica 20122985
=Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.Flora Helvetica 20182985
=Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.Index synonymique 1996402800
=Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.Landolt 1977164
=Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.Landolt 1991155
=Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.SISF/ISFS 2402800
=Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.Welten & Sutter 19822359
= The taxon corresponds to the accepted taxon (Checklist 2017)
< The taxon is included in the accepted taxon (Checklist 2017)
> The taxon includes (among others) also the accepted taxon (Checklist 2017)


Native status


IUCN list of endangered species (© Walter & Gillett 1997) : No

Species from the "List of potentially invasive alien species"