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Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv.

Species
ISFS : 393100
Checklist : 1043760

Synthesis

Species description (© Flora Helvetica 2018)

Bis über 1 m hoch. Blätter kahl, 1,5-3 cm breit und bis 50 cm lang. Blütenstand eine dichte Ährenrispe, 10-30 cm lang, ohne die Borsten 1,5-3 cm dick, bei Reife überhängend, +/- lappig. Hauptachse des Blütenstandes dicht mit 0,5-1 mm langen, biegsamen Haaren. Ährchen (2,5-)3-3,5 mm lang, reif ohne die Hüllspelzen ausfallend. Obere Deckspelze nicht oder schwach querrunzlig. Borsten unterhalb des Ährchens 1-3, kürzer oder länger als die Ripsenäste.

Flowering period (© Flora Helvetica 2018)

7-8

Habitat and distribution inside Switzerland (© Flora Helvetica 2018)

Kultiviert und verwildert, Vogelfutter, wahrscheinlich durch Züchtung aus S. viridis hervorgegangen / CH zerstreut

World distribution (© Flora Helvetica 2018)

Weltweit verbreitet

Ecological indicator (© Landolt & al. 2010)

244-453.t.2n=18

Anatomy

Summary of stem anatomy (German)

Umriss rund mit Rippen. Leitbündel in mehreren Reihen. Kleine Interzellularen, oft dreieckig. Epidermiszellen aussen verholzt. Kontinuierlicher Chlorenchyma-Gürtel aus unverholzten Zellen.

Description

Culm-diameter 1-2 mm, center full, radius of culm in relation to wall thickness 1:1. Outline circular, with rips. Culm-center full, containing unlignified cells. Epidermis-cells thick-walled all around. Large vascular bundles arranged in 2-3 peripheral rows. Chlorenchyma in tangentially enlarged groups. Sclerenchyma in a large, peripheral continuous belt (> 3 cells). Cells thick-walled. Girders square, rectangular or conic. Sclerenchymatic sheath around vascular bundles large, 3 to x cells. Largest vessels in vascular bundles in lateral position. Largest vessel in the bundle small, < 20μm. Cavities (intercellulars) between parenchyma-cells present, small, often triangular. Distinct cavities (intercellulars) in the protoxylem area of vascular bundles.

Distribution map

Simple

Before threshold year
After threshold year
Before and after threshold year

Advanced

Colors
Validated observations
Observations waiting for validation
Occurrences from Atlas Welten & Sutter (1982) and supplements (1984, 1994) without confirmation in the Info Flora database since
Symbols
Before threshold year
After threshold year
Native
Reintroduced
Not native / introduced / subspontaneous / escaped
Doubtful

Number of observations

Below the threshold number of observations
Above or equal the threshold number of observations

Habitat and distribution inside Switzerland

CH zerstreut

World distribution

Weltweit verbreitet

Ecology

Life form

Therophyte

Habitats

Habitats © Delarze & al. 2015

Character species 8.2.3.4 - Kalkreicher, trockener Hackfruchtacker (Eragrostion)

bold Dominant species, influencing the appearance of the habitat
Character species Character species
Less strictly linked to a specific habitat Less strictly linked to a specific habitat

Ecological indicator values by © Landolt & al. (2010)

Soil factors Climatic factors Salinity tolerance
Humidity Value H 2 Light Value L 4 Salinity Index --
Reaction Value R 4 Temperature factor T 5
Nutriments value N 4 Continentality K 3
  • Ecological values legend
    Humidity Value H
    1very dry
    1+dry
    2moderatly dry
    2+moist
    3medium wet
    3+wet
    4very wet
    4+soggy
    5submerged or underwater
    fplants living in running water
    umostly submerged plants
    vpartly submerged, partly floating plants
    whumidity moderately variable (± scale of 1-2)
    w+highly variable humidity (scale exceeding ± 2)
    Reaction Value R
    1Very acid (pH 2.5-5.5)
    2acid (pH 3.5-6.5)
    3lightly acid to neutral (pH 4.5-7.5)
    4neutral to basic (pH 5.5-8.5)
    5basic (pH 6-5 -> 8.5
    Nutriments value N
    1very low in nutrients
    2low in nutriments
    3medium-poor to medium-rich in nutrients
    4rich in nutriments
    5very rich in nutriments
    Salinity tolerance
    1halotolerant
    3halophyle
    Light Value L
    1very shady
    2shady
    3lighted areas
    4luminous
    5highly luminous
    Temperature factor T
    1alpine to nival stages (from the treeline to the snowline)
    1+suprasubalpine and upper subalpine levels (pine and larch forests)
    2subalpine level (coniferous forests without beeches up to the upper limit of spruces)
    2+lower subalpine and upper mountain stages
    3mountain level (beech and silver fir forests, in the central Alps Scots pine forests)
    3+lower mountain and upper hill levels
    4hill level (mixed deciduous oak forests)
    4+hot places, hill level
    5very hot places, hill level (only in the hottest places, typical of southern Europe)
    Continentality K
    1Atlantic (high air humidity, very low temperature variations, mild winters)
    2Sub-Atlantic (high air humidity, low temperature variations, relatively mild winters)
    3sub-Atlantic to subcontinental (average air humidity, moderately variable temperature, slightly low winter temperatures)
    4subcontinental (low air humidity, large temperature variations, rather cold winters)
    5continental (very low air humidity, very large temperature variations, cold winters)

Nomenclature

Accepted Name (Checklist 2017)

Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv.

Vernacular name

Deutscher Name :

Kolbenhirse, Vogelhirse, Fennich

Nom français :

Sétaire d'Italie, Millet des oiseaux

Nome italiano :

Panico, Pabbio coltivato

Match with other reference books

Relation Nom Book No
=Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv.Checklist 2017393100
=Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv.Flora Helvetica 20012813
=Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv.Flora Helvetica 20122993
=Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv.Flora Helvetica 20182993
=Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv.Index synonymique 1996393100
=Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv.Landolt 1977177
=Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv.Landolt 1991168
=Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv.SISF/ISFS 2393100
=Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv.Welten & Sutter 19822358
= The taxon corresponds to the accepted taxon (Checklist 2017)
< The taxon is included in the accepted taxon (Checklist 2017)
> The taxon includes (among others) also the accepted taxon (Checklist 2017)

Checklist 2017 comments

Kann leicht mit kräftigen Formen von S. viridis (L.) P. Beauv. verwechselt werden (= var. pycnocoma) und wird auch mit dieser Art zusammengefasst (als subsp. italica).
Checklist

Status

Native status

-

IUCN list of endangered species (© Walter & Gillett 1997) :

No