Quercus ilex L.

ISFS : 335800
Checklist : 1037290


Species description (© Flora Helvetica 2018)

Bis 20 m hoher Strauch oder Baum mit hellgrauer, +/- glatter Rinde. Blätter lederig, wintergrün, breit-lanzettlich oder oval, 3-6 cm lang, am Rand wellig, ganzrandig oder stachelig gezähnt, nie geteilt, wenigstens unterseits dicht mit Sternhaaren besetzt, bis 1 cm lang gestielt. Fruchtstand etwa so lang gestielt wie die Blätter.

Flowering period (© Flora Helvetica 2018)


Habitat and distribution inside Switzerland (© Flora Helvetica 2018)

Heisse Felshänge, kultiviert und gelegentlich verwildert / kollin / Südliches TI, MW

World distribution (© Flora Helvetica 2018)

Stammt aus dem Mittelmeergebiet

Ecological indicator (© Landolt & al. 2010)


Distribution map


Before threshold year
After threshold year
Before and after threshold year


Validated observations
Observations waiting for validation
Occurrences from Atlas Welten & Sutter (1982) and supplements (1984, 1994) without confirmation in the Info Flora database since
Before threshold year
After threshold year
Not native / introduced / subspontaneous / escaped

Number of observations

Below the threshold number of observations
Above or equal the threshold number of observations

Habitat and distribution inside Switzerland

Südliches TI, MW

World distribution

Stammt aus dem Mittelmeergebiet


Life form

Nanophanerophyte, Phanerophyte


Habitats © Delarze & al. 2015

Less strictly linked to a specific habitat 6.3.8 - Laubwald mit immergrünen Sträuchern

bold Dominant species, influencing the appearance of the habitat
Character species Character species
Less strictly linked to a specific habitat Less strictly linked to a specific habitat

Ecological indicator values by © Landolt & al. (2010)

Soil factors Climatic factors Salinity tolerance
Humidity Value H 1w Light Value L 2 Salinity Index 1
Reaction Value R 3 Temperature factor T 5
Nutriments value N 3 Continentality K 2
  • Ecological values legend
    Humidity Value H
    1very dry
    2moderatly dry
    3medium wet
    4very wet
    5submerged or underwater
    fplants living in running water
    umostly submerged plants
    vpartly submerged, partly floating plants
    whumidity moderately variable (± scale of 1-2)
    w+highly variable humidity (scale exceeding ± 2)
    Reaction Value R
    1Very acid (pH 2.5-5.5)
    2acid (pH 3.5-6.5)
    3lightly acid to neutral (pH 4.5-7.5)
    4neutral to basic (pH 5.5-8.5)
    5basic (pH 6-5 -> 8.5
    Nutriments value N
    1very low in nutrients
    2low in nutriments
    3medium-poor to medium-rich in nutrients
    4rich in nutriments
    5very rich in nutriments
    Salinity tolerance
    Light Value L
    1very shady
    3lighted areas
    5highly luminous
    Temperature factor T
    1alpine to nival stages (from the treeline to the snowline)
    1+suprasubalpine and upper subalpine levels (pine and larch forests)
    2subalpine level (coniferous forests without beeches up to the upper limit of spruces)
    2+lower subalpine and upper mountain stages
    3mountain level (beech and silver fir forests, in the central Alps Scots pine forests)
    3+lower mountain and upper hill levels
    4hill level (mixed deciduous oak forests)
    4+hot places, hill level
    5very hot places, hill level (only in the hottest places, typical of southern Europe)
    Continentality K
    1Atlantic (high air humidity, very low temperature variations, mild winters)
    2Sub-Atlantic (high air humidity, low temperature variations, relatively mild winters)
    3sub-Atlantic to subcontinental (average air humidity, moderately variable temperature, slightly low winter temperatures)
    4subcontinental (low air humidity, large temperature variations, rather cold winters)
    5continental (very low air humidity, very large temperature variations, cold winters)


Accepted Name (Checklist 2017)

Quercus ilex L.

Vernacular name

Deutscher Name :


Nom français :

Chêne vert, Yeuse

Nome italiano :


Match with other reference books

Relation Nom Book No
=Quercus ilex L.Checklist 2017335800
=Quercus ilex L.Flora Helvetica 2001246
=Quercus ilex L.Flora Helvetica 2012328
=Quercus ilex L.Flora Helvetica 2018328
=Quercus ilex L.Index synonymique 1996335800
=Quercus ilex L.Landolt 1977839
=Quercus ilex L.Landolt 1991739
=Quercus ilex L.SISF/ISFS 2335800
= The taxon corresponds to the accepted taxon (Checklist 2017)
< The taxon is included in the accepted taxon (Checklist 2017)
> The taxon includes (among others) also the accepted taxon (Checklist 2017)


Native status

IUCN list of endangered species (© Walter & Gillett 1997) : No