Synthesis

Species description (Flora Helvetica 2018)

Ähnlich wie Oe. biennis, aber Blätter 5-10mal so lang wie breit (bei Oe. biennis nur 3-6mal), Blütenstand vor dem Aufblühen nickend oder aufrecht, Kronblätter 0,5-1,5 cm lang, kürzer bis wenig länger als die Staubblätter. Fadenförmige Spitzen der Kelchblätter (im Knospenstadium) vom Grund an spreizend, nicht eng aneinander gedrückt.

Flowering period (Flora Helvetica 2018)

6-9

Habitat and distribution inside Switzerland (Flora Helvetica 2018)

Ödland, Ufer, Bahnareale / kollin /

World distribution (Flora Helvetica 2018)

Ursprünglich nordamerikanisch

Ecological indicator (Landolt & al. 2010)

233+44+2.k-t.2n=14
.

Distribution map

Simple

Before threshold year
After threshold year
Before and after threshold year

Advanced

Colors
Validated observations
Observations waiting for validation
Occurrences from Atlas Welten & Sutter (1982) and supplements (1984, 1994) without confirmation in the Info Flora database since
Symbols
Before threshold year
After threshold year
Native
Reintroduced
Not native / introduced / subspontaneous / escaped
Doubtful

Number of observations

Below the threshold number of observations
Above or equal the threshold number of observations

Ecology

Life form

Monocarpic hemicryptophyte, Therophyte

Habitats

Habitats Delarze & al. 2015

Character species 7.1.6 - Mesophile Ruderalflur (Steinkleeflur) (Dauco-Melilotion)

bold Dominant species, influencing the appearance of the habitat
Character species Character species
Less strictly linked to a specific habitat Less strictly linked to a specific habitat

Ecological indicator values by Landolt & al. (2010)

Soil factors Climatic factors Salinity tolerance
Humidity Value H 2 Light Value L 4 Salinity Index 1
Reaction Value R 3 Temperature factor T 4+
Nutriments value N 3 Continentality K 2
  • Ecological values legend
    Humidity Value H
    1very dry
    1+dry
    2moderatly dry
    2+moist
    3medium wet
    3+wet
    4very wet
    4+soggy
    5submerged or underwater
    fplants living in running water
    umostly submerged plants
    vpartly submerged, partly floating plants
    whumidity moderately variable (± scale of 1-2)
    w+highly variable humidity (scale exceeding ± 2)
    Reaction Value R
    1Very acid (pH 2.5-5.5)
    2acid (pH 3.5-6.5)
    3lightly acid to neutral (pH 4.5-7.5)
    4neutral to basic (pH 5.5-8.5)
    5basic (pH 6-5 -> 8.5
    Nutriments value N
    1very low in nutrients
    2low in nutriments
    3medium-poor to medium-rich in nutrients
    4rich in nutriments
    5very rich in nutriments
    Salinity tolerance
    1halotolerant
    3halophyle
    Light Value L
    1very shady
    2shady
    3lighted areas
    4luminous
    5highly luminous
    Temperature factor T
    1alpine to nival stages (from the treeline to the snowline)
    1+suprasubalpine and upper subalpine levels (pine and larch forests)
    2subalpine level (coniferous forests without beeches up to the upper limit of spruces)
    2+lower subalpine and upper mountain stages
    3mountain level (beech and silver fir forests, in the central Alps Scots pine forests)
    3+lower mountain and upper hill levels
    4hill level (mixed deciduous oak forests)
    4+hot places, hill level
    5very hot places, hill level (only in the hottest places, typical of southern Europe)
    Continentality K
    1Atlantic (high air humidity, very low temperature variations, mild winters)
    2Sub-Atlantic (high air humidity, low temperature variations, relatively mild winters)
    3sub-Atlantic to subcontinental (average air humidity, moderately variable temperature, slightly low winter temperatures)
    4subcontinental (low air humidity, large temperature variations, rather cold winters)
    5continental (very low air humidity, very large temperature variations, cold winters)

Nomenclature

Vernacular name

Deutscher Name:
Kleinblütige Nachtkerze
Nom français:
Onagre à petites fleurs
Nome italiano:
Enagra a fiore piccolo

Match with other reference books

Relation Nom Book No
=Oenothera parviflora aggr.Checklist 2017274700
=Oenothera parviflora L.Flora Helvetica 20011286
=Oenothera parviflora L.Flora Helvetica 20121038
=Oenothera parviflora aggr.Flora Helvetica 20181038
=Oenothera parviflora L.Index synonymique 1996274700
=Oenothera parviflora L.SISF/ISFS 2274700

= The taxon corresponds to the accepted taxon (Checklist 2017)
< The taxon is included in the accepted taxon (Checklist 2017)
> The taxon includes (among others) also the accepted taxon (Checklist 2017)

Checklist 2017 comments  

Neue Rangstufe: Wechsel von Art zu Aggregat. Durch das Hinzukommen zusätzlicher Neophyten und der präziseren Fassung der Artengruppe ist die bisherige O. parviflora L. neu als Aggregat zu betrachten. Die Aufteilung der Gattung in Aggregate folgt dem taxonomischen Konzept von Dietrich («American School»), während sich die Definition der Arten an den Vorschlägen von Rostański orientiert («European School»).

Status

Native status   -  -