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Liparis loeselii (L.) Rich.

Species
ISFS : 241800
Checklist : 1027180

Synthesis

Species description (© Flora Helvetica 2018)

10-20 cm hoch, am Grund mit 1-3 lanzettlichen, 4-10 cm langen Blättern. Blütenstand 3-8(-18)blütig. Blüten gelbgrün. Perigonblätter 4-5 mm lang, abstehend, mit nach aussen gerollten Rändern, daher sehr schmal erscheinend. Lippe etwa so lang wie die Perigonblätter, oval, rinnig gefaltet, abwärts gebogen. Säule (Griffel + Staubblatt) frei stehend, nicht wie bei den meisten Orchidaceae durch die Perigonblätter verdeckt.

Flowering period (© Flora Helvetica 2018)

6

Habitat and distribution inside Switzerland (© Flora Helvetica 2018)

Kalkhaltige Flachmoore / kollin-montan / M (besonders MZ und ME), vereinzelt A

World distribution (© Flora Helvetica 2018)

Eurosibirisch-nordamerikanisch

Ecological indicator (© Landolt & al. 2010)

4+w41-442.g.2n=26,32

Status

IUCN status

 Vulnerable

National Priority

 4 - weak national priority

International responsibility

 1 - weak

Conservation

Threats


Entwässerung
Eutrophierung
Aufgabe der traditionellen Streuenutzung
Verbuschung und Verschilfung der Standorte
Beweidung
Mechanische Einwirkungen durch Freizeitaktivitäten (z. B. Tritt, Photographieren)
Kleine, isolierte Populationen

Distribution map

Simple

Before threshold year
After threshold year
Before and after threshold year

Advanced

Colors
Validated observations
Observations waiting for validation
Occurrences from Atlas Welten & Sutter (1982) and supplements (1984, 1994) without confirmation in the Info Flora database since
Symbols
Before threshold year
After threshold year
Native
Reintroduced
Not native / introduced / subspontaneous / escaped
Doubtful

Number of observations

Below the threshold number of observations
Above or equal the threshold number of observations

Habitat and distribution inside Switzerland

M (besonders MZ und ME), vereinzelt A

World distribution

Eurosibirisch-nordamerikanisch

Ecology

Life form

Geophyte

Habitats

Habitats © Delarze & al. 2015

Character species 2.2.3 - Kalkreiches Kleinseggenried (Davallseggenried) (Caricion davallianae)

bold Dominant species, influencing the appearance of the habitat
Character species Character species
Less strictly linked to a specific habitat Less strictly linked to a specific habitat

Ecological indicator values by © Landolt & al. (2010)

Soil factors Climatic factors Salinity tolerance
Humidity Value H 4+w Light Value L 4 Salinity Index --
Reaction Value R 4 Temperature factor T 4
Nutriments value N 1 Continentality K 2
  • Ecological values legend
    Humidity Value H
    1very dry
    1+dry
    2moderatly dry
    2+moist
    3medium wet
    3+wet
    4very wet
    4+soggy
    5submerged or underwater
    fplants living in running water
    umostly submerged plants
    vpartly submerged, partly floating plants
    whumidity moderately variable (± scale of 1-2)
    w+highly variable humidity (scale exceeding ± 2)
    Reaction Value R
    1Very acid (pH 2.5-5.5)
    2acid (pH 3.5-6.5)
    3lightly acid to neutral (pH 4.5-7.5)
    4neutral to basic (pH 5.5-8.5)
    5basic (pH 6-5 -> 8.5
    Nutriments value N
    1very low in nutrients
    2low in nutriments
    3medium-poor to medium-rich in nutrients
    4rich in nutriments
    5very rich in nutriments
    Salinity tolerance
    1halotolerant
    3halophyle
    Light Value L
    1very shady
    2shady
    3lighted areas
    4luminous
    5highly luminous
    Temperature factor T
    1alpine to nival stages (from the treeline to the snowline)
    1+suprasubalpine and upper subalpine levels (pine and larch forests)
    2subalpine level (coniferous forests without beeches up to the upper limit of spruces)
    2+lower subalpine and upper mountain stages
    3mountain level (beech and silver fir forests, in the central Alps Scots pine forests)
    3+lower mountain and upper hill levels
    4hill level (mixed deciduous oak forests)
    4+hot places, hill level
    5very hot places, hill level (only in the hottest places, typical of southern Europe)
    Continentality K
    1Atlantic (high air humidity, very low temperature variations, mild winters)
    2Sub-Atlantic (high air humidity, low temperature variations, relatively mild winters)
    3sub-Atlantic to subcontinental (average air humidity, moderately variable temperature, slightly low winter temperatures)
    4subcontinental (low air humidity, large temperature variations, rather cold winters)
    5continental (very low air humidity, very large temperature variations, cold winters)

Water dependency

Rivers 0 - No link
Calm water 1 - Secondary habitat
Ground water 0 - No link

Nomenclature

Accepted Name (Checklist 2017)

Liparis loeselii (L.) Rich.

Vernacular name

Deutscher Name :

Zwiebelorchis, Glanzkraut

Nom français :

Liparis de Loesel

Nome italiano :

Liparide

Match with other reference books

Relation Nom Book No
=Liparis loeselii (L.) Rich.Checklist 2017241800
=Liparis loeselii (L.) Rich.Flora Helvetica 20013000
=Liparis loeselii (L.) Rich.Flora Helvetica 20122586
=Liparis loeselii (L.) Rich.Flora Helvetica 20182586
=Liparis loeselii (L.) Rich.Index synonymique 1996241800
=Liparis loeselii (L.) Rich.Landolt 1977744
=Liparis loeselii (L.) Rich.Landolt 1991651
=Liparis loeselii (L.) Rich.SISF/ISFS 2241800
=Liparis loeselii (L.) Rich.Welten & Sutter 19822570
= The taxon corresponds to the accepted taxon (Checklist 2017)
< The taxon is included in the accepted taxon (Checklist 2017)
> The taxon includes (among others) also the accepted taxon (Checklist 2017)

Status

Native status

-
IUCN list of endangered species (© Walter & Gillett 1997) : No

Status on national Red List 2016

IUCN status:

 Vulnerable

Vulnerable

Additional information

IUCN criteria: C1; C2a(i)

Status on regional Red List 2019

Biogregraphic regions Status IUCN criteria
Jura (JU) VUC1; C2a(i)
Mittelland (MP) VUC1; C2a(i)
Alpennordflanke (NA) ENC1; C2a(i)
Alpensüdflanke (SA) CRC2a(ii); D
Östliche Zentralalpen (EA) CRC2a(ii); D
Westliche Zentralalpen (WA) RE
  • Legend
    EXExtinct
    RERegionally Extinct
    CR(PE)Critically Endangered, Probably Extinct
    CRCritically Endangered
    ENEndangered
    VUVulnerable
    NTNear Threatened
    LCLeast Concern

National Priority Species List Status

National Priority 4 - weak national priority
Need to take action 1 -
International responsibility 1 - weak
Need to monitor populations 2 -

Protection status

International (Bern Convention) Yes
AGtotal protection (01.01.2010)
AItotal protection (13.03.1989)
BEtotal protection (01.01.2016)
FRtotal protection (12.03.1973)
GEtotal protection (25.07.2007)
GLtotal protection (07.05.2006)
GRtotal protection (01.12.2012)
Switzerland total protection
OWtotal protection (01.04.2013)
SOpartial protection (23.02.1972)
VDtotal protection (02.03.2005)
ZGtotal protection (01.10.2013)
ZHtotal protection (03.12.1964)
TItotal protection (23.01.2013)
  • Disclaimer
    InfoFlora compiles information on protected species as accurately as possible, taking it from the respective cantonal laws. In some cases, however, it was not possible to use the plant names as listed in the original text, but an interpretation of their taxonomy or nomenclature was necessary. The exact meaning of the categories „completely protected“ and „partially protected“ differs among the cantons.

    InfoFlora cannot guarantee that the information on the protection status is correct and complete. In case of doubts, we recommend to look up the texts of the respective cantonal law.

Conservation

Threats and measures

Entwässerung


Keine neuen Entwässerungen
Regulierung des Wasserhaushalts zugunsten der Art

Eutrophierung


Düngeverbot in der nahen Umgebung
grosse Pufferzonen

Aufgabe der traditionellen Streuenutzung


Anreiz geben zur Weiterführung einer extensiven Nutzung (Ökobeiträge)
ansonsten simulieren der ehemaligen Streuenutzung als Pflegenutzung (von Hand oder mit leichtem Gerät über gefrorenem Boden im Winter)

Verbuschung und Verschilfung der Standorte


Regelmässige Mahd ab Ende September, ca. alle 2-3 Jahre sogar erst im folgenden März mähen (Fruchtreife erst im Februar!)
Abtransport des Schnittguts

Beweidung


Keine Beweidung (Ausnahme: extensive Beweidung mit alten Rassen im Rahmen eines Pflegekonzepts)

Mechanische Einwirkungen durch Freizeitaktivitäten (z. B. Tritt, Photographieren)


Lenkung der Ausflügler im Problembereich
Sperrung von Wegen
Naturlehrpfade (Prügelpfad) einrichten

Kleine, isolierte Populationen


Schutz (Mikroreservate)
regelmässige Bestandeskontrolle aller Populationen
populationsbiologische Untersuchungen durchführen
Dauerflächen-Beobachtung
Erfolgskontrolle der Massnahmen gewährleisten

In-situ measures

More informations

Conservation fact sheet (in german)J. Menzi & K. Spörri, 2018: Aktionsplan Liparis loeseliiC. Gnägi, 2020: Liparis loeselii (L.) Rich., Aktionsplan Orchideen Kt. Bern, Pro NaturaB. Valentin, 2010: Agir pour le Liparis de Loesel - L'essentiel du plan d'actions 2010-2014, CBNBLLUBW Baden-Württenberg: Artensteckbrief - Sumpf-Glanzkraut - Liparis loeselii (Linnaeus) L. C. M. Richard