Synthesis

Species description (Flora Helvetica 2018)

Ähnlich wie G. palustris, aber Staubbeutel etwas länger als die Staubfäden (bei den anderen G.-Arten kürzer), Fasern der Knollenhäute +/- parallel, derb, nicht oder nur oben netzig verbunden, Blätter bis 2 cm breit, Blütenstand bis 12blütig, Blüten bis 6 cm lang, rosa, die seitlichen Perigonzipfel lineal-keilförmig, Samen ungeflügelt (bei den anderen G.-Arten breit geflügelt).

Flowering period (Flora Helvetica 2018)

6

Habitat and distribution inside Switzerland (Flora Helvetica 2018)

Äcker, Hecken / kollin / Südliches TI

Ecological indicator (Landolt & al. 2010)

2w33+353.g.2n=120,ca.171
.

Distribution map

Simple

Before threshold year
After threshold year
Before and after threshold year

Advanced

Colors
Validated observations
Observations waiting for validation
Occurrences from Atlas Welten & Sutter (1982) and supplements (1984, 1994) without confirmation in the Info Flora database since
Symbols
Before threshold year
After threshold year
Native
Reintroduced
Not native / introduced / subspontaneous / escaped
Doubtful

Number of observations

Below the threshold number of observations
Above or equal the threshold number of observations

Nomenclature

Vernacular name

Deutscher Name:
Italienische Gladiole, Italienische Siegwurz
Nom français:
Glaïeul d'Italie
Nome italiano:
Gladiolo dei campi

Match with other reference books

Relation Nom Book No
=Gladiolus italicus Mill.Checklist 2017190000
=Gladiolus italicus Mill.Flora Helvetica 20012917
=Gladiolus italicus Mill.Flora Helvetica 20122501
=Gladiolus italicus Mill.Flora Helvetica 20182501
=Gladiolus italicus Mill.Index synonymique 1996190000
=Gladiolus italicus Mill.SISF/ISFS 2190000
=Gladiolus italicus Mill.Welten & Sutter 19822134

= The taxon corresponds to the accepted taxon (Checklist 2017)
< The taxon is included in the accepted taxon (Checklist 2017)
> The taxon includes (among others) also the accepted taxon (Checklist 2017)

Status

Native status   -  -

Status on national Red List 2016

flora.fl.statut_iucn:   Critically endangered

LC: Non menacé

flora.fl.complementary_informations

IUCN criteria: B2ab(iii); C2a(i,ii); D

  • Legend
    EXExtinct
    RERegionally Extinct
    CR(PE)Critically Endangered, Probably Extinct
    CRCritically Endangered
    ENEndangered
    VUVulnerable
    NTNear Threatened
    LCLeast Concern

IUCN list of endangered species (Walter & Gillett 1997)

No

flora.fl.prio_title

flora.fl.prio_priority 2 - high national priority
flora.fl.prio_measures 2 -
flora.fl.prio_responsability 1 - weak
flora.fl.prio_monitor 2 -

Protection status

International (Bern Convention) No
GE (25.07.2007)
Switzerland --
TI (23.01.2013)
  • Disclaimer
    InfoFlora compiles information on protected species as accurately as possible, taking it from the respective cantonal laws. In some cases, however, it was not possible to use the plant names as listed in the original text, but an interpretation of their taxonomy or nomenclature was necessary. The exact meaning of the categories „completely protected“ and „partially protected“ differs among the cantons.

    InfoFlora cannot guarantee that the information on the protection status is correct and complete. In case of doubts, we recommend to look up the texts of the respective cantonal law.

Ecology

Life form

Habitats

flora.fl.habitats_delarze

Less strictly linked to a specific habitat 8.2.1.2 - Kalkreiche Getreideäcker (Caucalidion)

bold Dominant species, influencing the appearance of the habitat
Character species Character species
Less strictly linked to a specific habitat Less strictly linked to a specific habitat

Ecological indicator values by Landolt & al. (2010)

flora.fl.val_ecologique_sol flora.fl.val_ecologique_climat flora.fl.val_ecologique_salinite
flora.fl.val_ecologique_H -- flora.fl.val_ecologique_L -- flora.fl.val_ecologique_S --
flora.fl.val_ecologique_R -- flora.fl.val_ecologique_T --
flora.fl.val_ecologique_N -- flora.fl.val_ecologique_C --
  • flora.fl.val_ecologique_legende
    flora.fl.val_ecologique_H
    1flora.fl.val_ecologique_H_1
    1+flora.fl.val_ecologique_H_1plus
    2flora.fl.val_ecologique_H_2
    2+flora.fl.val_ecologique_H_2plus
    3flora.fl.val_ecologique_H_3
    3+flora.fl.val_ecologique_H_3plus
    4flora.fl.val_ecologique_H_4
    4+flora.fl.val_ecologique_H_4plus
    5flora.fl.val_ecologique_H_5
    ^flora.fl.val_ecologique_H_f
    Uflora.fl.val_ecologique_H_u
    Vflora.fl.val_ecologique_H_v
    wflora.fl.val_ecologique_W_2
    w+flora.fl.val_ecologique_W_3
    flora.fl.val_ecologique_R
    1flora.fl.val_ecologique_R_1
    2flora.fl.val_ecologique_R_2
    3flora.fl.val_ecologique_R_3
    4flora.fl.val_ecologique_R_4
    5flora.fl.val_ecologique_R_5
    flora.fl.val_ecologique_N
    1flora.fl.val_ecologique_N_1
    2flora.fl.val_ecologique_N_2
    3flora.fl.val_ecologique_N_3
    4flora.fl.val_ecologique_N_4
    5flora.fl.val_ecologique_N_5
    flora.fl.val_ecologique_salinite
    1flora.fl.val_ecologique_salinite_s
    3flora.fl.val_ecologique_salinite_ss
    flora.fl.val_ecologique_L
    1flora.fl.val_ecologique_L_1
    2flora.fl.val_ecologique_L_2
    3flora.fl.val_ecologique_L_3
    4flora.fl.val_ecologique_L_4
    5flora.fl.val_ecologique_L_5
    flora.fl.val_ecologique_T
    1flora.fl.val_ecologique_T_1
    1+flora.fl.val_ecologique_T_1plus
    2flora.fl.val_ecologique_T_2
    2+flora.fl.val_ecologique_T_2plus
    3flora.fl.val_ecologique_T_3
    3+flora.fl.val_ecologique_T_3plus
    4flora.fl.val_ecologique_T_4
    4+flora.fl.val_ecologique_T_4plus
    5flora.fl.val_ecologique_T_5
    flora.fl.val_ecologique_C
    1flora.fl.val_ecologique_C_1
    2flora.fl.val_ecologique_C_2
    3flora.fl.val_ecologique_C_3
    4flora.fl.val_ecologique_C_4
    5flora.fl.val_ecologique_C_5

Threats and measures

Veränderungen der Kultur (Intensivierung), Verbuschung, Konkurrenz

Keine intensive Nutzung und Düngung der Wiese; entbuschen falls notwendig; Konkurrenz in der direkten Umgebung durch Mähen im Herbst reduzieren

Potentielle Fundstellen: Rebkulturen (Herbizide, geophytenfeindliche Bewirtschaftung)

Eingeschränkter Herbizideinsatz; in angepasst mechanisch gepflegten Weinbergen hätte die Art sehr gute Bedingungen neue Standorte zu gewinnen

Kleine, isolierte Population

Schutz der Fundstelle (Mikroreservate); keine Bewirtschaftungsänderung ohne wissenschaftliche Begleitung, regelmässige Bestandeskontrolle; Ex situ-Kultur in Botanischen Gärten; Wiederansiedlungen mit indigenen Pflanzen wären heute an vielen Stellen denkbar; die letzte Population bei Meride muss wenn möglich über ein Artenschutzprogramm gefördert werden (Diskussion mit Besitzer, Bewirtschafter und Gemeinde, Bewirtschaftungsbeiträge); Erfolgskontrolle der Massnahmen gewährleisten