Synthesis

Species description (Flora Helvetica 2018)

Stängel 20-50 cm hoch, stumpf 3kantig, mit Ausläufern. Blätter meist vom Grund an schmal rinnig-3kantig, Ähren nur 3-5, ihre Stiele filzig-rau, Tragblätter mit mehreren Nerven. Sonst wie E. latifolium (Nr. 2651).

Flowering period (Flora Helvetica 2018)

5

Habitat and distribution inside Switzerland (Flora Helvetica 2018)

Flachmoore / kollin-montan(-subalpin) / M, A, sehr zerstreut

World distribution (Flora Helvetica 2018)

Eurosibirisch-nordamerikanisch

Ecological indicator (Landolt & al. 2010)

4+w22-43+3.g.2n=76
.

Distribution map

Simple

Before threshold year
After threshold year
Before and after threshold year

Advanced

Colors
Validated observations
Observations waiting for validation
Occurrences from Atlas Welten & Sutter (1982) and supplements (1984, 1994) without confirmation in the Info Flora database since
Symbols
Before threshold year
After threshold year
Native
Reintroduced
Not native / introduced / subspontaneous / escaped
Doubtful

Number of observations

Below the threshold number of observations
Above or equal the threshold number of observations

Ecology

Life form

Geophyte

Habitats

Habitats Delarze & al. 2015

Character species 2.2.4 - Übergangsmoor (Caricion lasiocarpae)

bold Dominant species, influencing the appearance of the habitat
Character species Character species
Less strictly linked to a specific habitat Less strictly linked to a specific habitat

Ecological indicator values by Landolt & al. (2010)

Soil factors Climatic factors Salinity tolerance
Humidity Value H 4+w Light Value L 4 Salinity Index --
Reaction Value R 2 Temperature factor T 3+
Nutriments value N 2 Continentality K 3
  • Ecological values legend
    Humidity Value H
    1very dry
    1+dry
    2moderatly dry
    2+moist
    3medium wet
    3+wet
    4very wet
    4+soggy
    5submerged or underwater
    fplants living in running water
    umostly submerged plants
    vpartly submerged, partly floating plants
    whumidity moderately variable (± scale of 1-2)
    w+highly variable humidity (scale exceeding ± 2)
    Reaction Value R
    1Very acid (pH 2.5-5.5)
    2acid (pH 3.5-6.5)
    3lightly acid to neutral (pH 4.5-7.5)
    4neutral to basic (pH 5.5-8.5)
    5basic (pH 6-5 -> 8.5
    Nutriments value N
    1very low in nutrients
    2low in nutriments
    3medium-poor to medium-rich in nutrients
    4rich in nutriments
    5very rich in nutriments
    Salinity tolerance
    1halotolerant
    3halophyle
    Light Value L
    1very shady
    2shady
    3lighted areas
    4luminous
    5highly luminous
    Temperature factor T
    1alpine to nival stages (from the treeline to the snowline)
    1+suprasubalpine and upper subalpine levels (pine and larch forests)
    2subalpine level (coniferous forests without beeches up to the upper limit of spruces)
    2+lower subalpine and upper mountain stages
    3mountain level (beech and silver fir forests, in the central Alps Scots pine forests)
    3+lower mountain and upper hill levels
    4hill level (mixed deciduous oak forests)
    4+hot places, hill level
    5very hot places, hill level (only in the hottest places, typical of southern Europe)
    Continentality K
    1Atlantic (high air humidity, very low temperature variations, mild winters)
    2Sub-Atlantic (high air humidity, low temperature variations, relatively mild winters)
    3sub-Atlantic to subcontinental (average air humidity, moderately variable temperature, slightly low winter temperatures)
    4subcontinental (low air humidity, large temperature variations, rather cold winters)
    5continental (very low air humidity, very large temperature variations, cold winters)

Water dependency

Rivers 1 - Secondary habitat
Calm water 1 - Secondary habitat
Ground water 0 - No link

Nomenclature

Vernacular name

Deutscher Name:
Zierliches Wollgras
Nom français:
Linaigrette grêle
Nome italiano:
Pennacchi gracili

Match with other reference books

Relation Nom Book No
=Eriophorum gracile RothChecklist 2017155300
=Eriophorum gracile RothFlora Helvetica 20012477
=Eriophorum gracile RothFlora Helvetica 20122653
=Eriophorum gracile RothFlora Helvetica 20182653
=Eriophorum gracile RothIndex synonymique 1996155300
=Eriophorum gracile RothLandolt 1977433
=Eriophorum gracile RothLandolt 1991381
=Eriophorum gracile RothSISF/ISFS 2155300
=Eriophorum gracile RothWelten & Sutter 19822399

= The taxon corresponds to the accepted taxon (Checklist 2017)
< The taxon is included in the accepted taxon (Checklist 2017)
> The taxon includes (among others) also the accepted taxon (Checklist 2017)

Status

Native status   -  -

Status on national Red List 2016

IUCN status:   Endangered

LC: Non menacé

Additional information

IUCN criteria: B2ab(iii)

Status on regional Red List 2019

Biogregraphic regions Status IUCN criteria
Jura (JU) RE
Mittelland (MP) ENB2ab(iii)
Alpennordflanke (NA) ENB2ab(iii)
Westliche Zentralalpen (WA) RE
Östliche Zentralalpen (EA) CR(PE)
Alpensüdflanke (SA) CR(PE)
  • Legend
    EXExtinct
    RERegionally Extinct
    CR(PE)Critically Endangered, Probably Extinct
    CRCritically Endangered
    ENEndangered
    VUVulnerable
    NTNear Threatened
    LCLeast Concern

IUCN list of endangered species (Walter & Gillett 1997)

No

National Priority Species List Status

National Priority 3 - medium national priority
Need to take action 2 -
International responsibility 1 - weak
Need to monitor populations 2 -

Protection status

International (Bern Convention) No
AGtotal protection (01.01.2010)
BEtotal protection (01.01.2016)
GRtotal protection (01.12.2012)
SHtotal protection (06.03.1979)
Switzerland total protection
TGtotal protection (01.01.2018)
VDtotal protection (02.03.2005)
ZGtotal protection (01.10.2013)
ZHpartial protection (03.12.1964)
  • Disclaimer
    InfoFlora compiles information on protected species as accurately as possible, taking it from the respective cantonal laws. In some cases, however, it was not possible to use the plant names as listed in the original text, but an interpretation of their taxonomy or nomenclature was necessary. The exact meaning of the categories „completely protected“ and „partially protected“ differs among the cantons.

    InfoFlora cannot guarantee that the information on the protection status is correct and complete. In case of doubts, we recommend to look up the texts of the respective cantonal law.

Threats and measures

Lebensraumzerstörung, Meliorationen, Eingriffe in den Wasserhaushalt

Vermeidung einer stärkeren Änderung des Wasserhaushaltes, falls nötig Regulierung des Wasserstandes (durch Unterhalt und Regulierung der bestehenden Rietgräben)
je nach Gebiet auch Wiedervernässung prüfen

Bau von Verkehrsanlagen, Industriebauten, Golfplätzen und Siedlungen

Vorrang der wertvollen Lebensräume vor Bauprojekten

Eutrophierung

Düngungsverbot auch in der Umgebung
Ausscheidung vongrossen Pufferzonen

Verbuschung, Nutzungsaufgabe, natürliche Moorsukzession

Entbuschen
ausholzen
Streuenutzung weiterführen
Bewirtschaftungsverträge abschliessen.
Selektives Entfernen der Gehölze samt Wurzelwerk mit Kleinbaggern unter Schonung der Begleitvegetation

Lokale Nährstoffkatastrophen (Überflutung mit eutrophem Wasser)

Massnahmen zur weiteren Nährstoffreduktion in den benachbarten Gewässern durchführen

Mechanische Einwirkungen durch Freizeitaktivitäten (z. B.Tritt, Photographieren)

Besucherlenkung in Problembereichen
Wege sperren oder durch «Knüppelpfade» ersetzen

Kleine, isolierte Populationen

Schutz (Mikroreservate)
regelmässige Bestandeskontrollen aller Populationen
populationsbiologische Untersuchungen und Dauerflächen-Beobachtung
durch Wiedervernässung an geeigneten Stellen potentielle Lebensräume schaffen
für vollständigen Schutz vorgeschlagen
Erfolgskontrolle der Massnahmen gewährleisten, Verstärkung von bestehenden Populationen und Ansiedlung von neuen Populationen durch Anpflanzung (nach Zwischenvermehrung)

Anatomy

Images and descriptions (© Fritz H. Schweingruber & Hugo Berger)

text alt Leaves, 100x
text alt Leaves, 400x
text alt Stems, 100x
text alt Stems 400x

Summary of leaf anatomy (German)

Obere Epidermiszellen grösser als untere. Punktuelle Versteifungselemente am Blattrand und bei der Blattrippe. Verbindungs-Steg zwischen oberer und unterer Epidermis homogen verholzt. Leitbündel im Verbindungs-Steg unten eingebettet. Leitbündelhülle verholzt.

Summary of stem anatomy (German)

Umriss rund oder oval. Leitbündel in mehreren Reihen. Konische Stützen. Grosse, unregelmässige Intercellularen. Epidermiszellen aussen verholzt.

Description

Culm-diameter 1-2 mm, wall very large, radius of culm in relation to wall thickness approximately 1: 0.75. Culm-center hollow and surrounded by many large thin-walled, not lignified cells. Epidermis cells inside thin, peripheral thicker-walled (lignified). Guard cells with externally acute ledge. Large vascular bundles arranged in 2-3 peripheral rows. Chlorenchyma absent. Sclerenchyma belt absent. Groups of sclerenchyma square or rectangular. Vascular bundles collateral closed. Small sclerenchymatic sheath around vascular bundles with 1-2 cells. Largest vessel in the bundle small, < 20μm. Cavities (intercellulars) between parenchyma cells absent. Distinct cavities (intercellulars) in the protoxylem area of vascular bundles. Cell contents as slime or phenols in isolated cells.

Ex situ material

In-situ measures