Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn.

ISFS : 146100
Checklist : 1016340


Species description (© Flora Helvetica 2018)

20-80 cm hoch. Stängel flach. Blätter blaugrün, 3-6 mm breit, mit kurzer, stumpfer Spitze, meist gefaltet. Blatthäutchen ca. 1 mm lang. Blattscheiden mit wenigen, bis 5 mm langen Haaren. Blütenstand aus 2-7 strahlig angeordneten, 3-10 cm langen Ähren. Ährchen einseitswendig, 4-7 mm lang, 3-7blütig. Hüllspelzen scharf gekielt, die untere kürzer als die obere. Deckspelzen 2,5-4 mm lang.

Flowering period (© Flora Helvetica 2018)


Habitat and distribution inside Switzerland (© Flora Helvetica 2018)

Ödland, Schuttplätze, Äcker / kollin / BA, TI, VD, ME, GR (Misox) eingebürgert

World distribution (© Flora Helvetica 2018)

Ursprünglich tropisch-subtropisch

Ecological indicator (© Flora Helvetica 2018)



Summary of stem anatomy (German)

Umriss rund mit Rippen. Leitbündel in mehreren Reihen. Konische Stützen. Epidermiszellen verholzt. Chlorenchyma in tangential verlängerten Gruppen.


Culm-diameter 1-2 mm, wall thin, radius of culm in relation to wall thickness approximately 1:0.25 or < 0.25. Outline circular, with rips. Culm-center hollow and surrounded by many large thin-walled, not lignified cells. Epidermis-cells thin-walled all around. Large vascular bundles arranged in one peripheral row. Chlorenchyma in tangentially enlarged groups. Sclerenchyma in a large, peripheral continuous belt (> 3 cells). Cells medium thick-walled. Girders square, rectangular or conic. Sclerenchymatic sheath around vascular bundles large, 3 to x cells. Largest vessels in vascular bundles in lateral position. Largest vessel in the bundle 20-50 μm. Artifacts on material from herbaria, e.g. compressed and deformed culms or exaggerated distinct rips.

Distribution map


Before threshold year
After threshold year
Before and after threshold year


Validated observations
Observations waiting for validation
Occurrences from Atlas Welten & Sutter (1982) and supplements (1984, 1994) without confirmation in the Info Flora database since
Before threshold year
After threshold year
Not native / introduced / subspontaneous / escaped

Number of observations

Below the threshold number of observations
Above or equal the threshold number of observations

Habitat and distribution inside Switzerland

BA, TI, VD, ME, GR (Misox) eingebürgert

World distribution

Ursprünglich tropisch-subtropisch


Life form



Habitats © Delarze & al. 2015


Ecological indicator values by © Landolt & al. (2010)

Soil factors Climatic factors Salinity tolerance
Humidity Value H 2w Light Value L 4 Salinity Index --
Reaction Value R 3 Temperature factor T 5
Nutriments value N 4 Continentality K 2
  • Ecological values legend
    Humidity Value H
    1very dry
    2moderatly dry
    3medium wet
    4very wet
    5submerged or underwater
    fplants living in running water
    umostly submerged plants
    vpartly submerged, partly floating plants
    whumidity moderately variable (± scale of 1-2)
    w+highly variable humidity (scale exceeding ± 2)
    Reaction Value R
    1Very acid (pH 2.5-5.5)
    2acid (pH 3.5-6.5)
    3lightly acid to neutral (pH 4.5-7.5)
    4neutral to basic (pH 5.5-8.5)
    5basic (pH 6-5 -> 8.5
    Nutriments value N
    1very low in nutrients
    2low in nutriments
    3medium-poor to medium-rich in nutrients
    4rich in nutriments
    5very rich in nutriments
    Salinity tolerance
    Light Value L
    1very shady
    3lighted areas
    5highly luminous
    Temperature factor T
    1alpine to nival stages (from the treeline to the snowline)
    1+suprasubalpine and upper subalpine levels (pine and larch forests)
    2subalpine level (coniferous forests without beeches up to the upper limit of spruces)
    2+lower subalpine and upper mountain stages
    3mountain level (beech and silver fir forests, in the central Alps Scots pine forests)
    3+lower mountain and upper hill levels
    4hill level (mixed deciduous oak forests)
    4+hot places, hill level
    5very hot places, hill level (only in the hottest places, typical of southern Europe)
    Continentality K
    1Atlantic (high air humidity, very low temperature variations, mild winters)
    2Sub-Atlantic (high air humidity, low temperature variations, relatively mild winters)
    3sub-Atlantic to subcontinental (average air humidity, moderately variable temperature, slightly low winter temperatures)
    4subcontinental (low air humidity, large temperature variations, rather cold winters)
    5continental (very low air humidity, very large temperature variations, cold winters)


Accepted Name (Checklist 2017)

Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn.

Vernacular name

Deutscher Name :


Nom français :

Eleusine des Indes

Nome italiano :

Gramigna indiana

Match with other reference books

Relation Nom Book No
=Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn.Checklist 2017146100
=Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn.Flora Helvetica 20012721
=Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn.Flora Helvetica 20122902
=Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn.Flora Helvetica 20182902
=Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn.Index synonymique 1996146100
=Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn.Landolt 1977379
=Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn.SISF/ISFS 2146100
= The taxon corresponds to the accepted taxon (Checklist 2017)
< The taxon is included in the accepted taxon (Checklist 2017)
> The taxon includes (among others) also the accepted taxon (Checklist 2017)


Native status


IUCN list of endangered species (© Walter & Gillett 1997) : No