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Dracocephalum austriacum L.

Species
ISFS : 141700
Checklist : 1015790

Synthesis

Species description (© Flora Helvetica 2018)

Ähnlich wie D. ruyschiana, aber 20-40 cm hoch, Stängel dicht behaart, Blätter z.T. fiederschnittig, mit 3-7 schmal-lanzettlichen, 1-2,5 mm breiten Abschnitten, die quirligen Teilblütenstände 2-4blütig, Blüten 3,5-4,5 cm lang, dunkelviolett, mit 3teiligen, 3-8 mm langen Vorblättern (bei D. ruyschiana Vorblätter ungeteilt, 3-4 mm lang).

Flowering period (© Flora Helvetica 2018)

5-6

Habitat and distribution inside Switzerland (© Flora Helvetica 2018)

Felsige Hänge, Trockenrasen / kollin-subalpin / VS (unteres Rhonetal), GR (Unterengadin)

World distribution (© Flora Helvetica 2018)

Osteuropäisch

Ecological indicator (© Landolt & al. 2010)

153-42+5.h.2n=14

Status

IUCN status

 Vulnerable

National Priority

 3 - medium national priority

International responsibility

 2 - medium

Conservation

Threats


Bewirtschaftungsänderungen
Bautätigkeit (touristische Anlagen, Strassen, Leitungen)
Beweidung (v. a. Schafe)
Verbuschung, Verwaldung
Freizeitaktivitäten (Tritt)
Sammeln, Ausgraben

Distribution map

Simple

Before threshold year
After threshold year
Before and after threshold year

Advanced

Colors
Validated observations
Observations waiting for validation
Occurrences from Atlas Welten & Sutter (1982) and supplements (1984, 1994) without confirmation in the Info Flora database since
Symbols
Before threshold year
After threshold year
Native
Reintroduced
Not native / introduced / subspontaneous / escaped
Doubtful

Number of observations

Below the threshold number of observations
Above or equal the threshold number of observations

Habitat and distribution inside Switzerland

VS (unteres Rhonetal), GR (Unterengadin)

World distribution

Osteuropäisch

Ecology

Life form

Perennial hemicryptophyte

Habitats

Habitats © Delarze & al. 2015

Character species 4.2.1.1 - Inneralpine Felsensteppe (Stipo-Poion)

bold Dominant species, influencing the appearance of the habitat
Character species Character species
Less strictly linked to a specific habitat Less strictly linked to a specific habitat

Ecological indicator values by © Landolt & al. (2010)

Soil factors Climatic factors Salinity tolerance
Humidity Value H 1 Light Value L 4 Salinity Index --
Reaction Value R 5 Temperature factor T 2+
Nutriments value N 3 Continentality K 5
  • Ecological values legend
    Humidity Value H
    1very dry
    1+dry
    2moderatly dry
    2+moist
    3medium wet
    3+wet
    4very wet
    4+soggy
    5submerged or underwater
    fplants living in running water
    umostly submerged plants
    vpartly submerged, partly floating plants
    whumidity moderately variable (± scale of 1-2)
    w+highly variable humidity (scale exceeding ± 2)
    Reaction Value R
    1Very acid (pH 2.5-5.5)
    2acid (pH 3.5-6.5)
    3lightly acid to neutral (pH 4.5-7.5)
    4neutral to basic (pH 5.5-8.5)
    5basic (pH 6-5 -> 8.5
    Nutriments value N
    1very low in nutrients
    2low in nutriments
    3medium-poor to medium-rich in nutrients
    4rich in nutriments
    5very rich in nutriments
    Salinity tolerance
    1halotolerant
    3halophyle
    Light Value L
    1very shady
    2shady
    3lighted areas
    4luminous
    5highly luminous
    Temperature factor T
    1alpine to nival stages (from the treeline to the snowline)
    1+suprasubalpine and upper subalpine levels (pine and larch forests)
    2subalpine level (coniferous forests without beeches up to the upper limit of spruces)
    2+lower subalpine and upper mountain stages
    3mountain level (beech and silver fir forests, in the central Alps Scots pine forests)
    3+lower mountain and upper hill levels
    4hill level (mixed deciduous oak forests)
    4+hot places, hill level
    5very hot places, hill level (only in the hottest places, typical of southern Europe)
    Continentality K
    1Atlantic (high air humidity, very low temperature variations, mild winters)
    2Sub-Atlantic (high air humidity, low temperature variations, relatively mild winters)
    3sub-Atlantic to subcontinental (average air humidity, moderately variable temperature, slightly low winter temperatures)
    4subcontinental (low air humidity, large temperature variations, rather cold winters)
    5continental (very low air humidity, very large temperature variations, cold winters)

Water dependency

Rivers 0 - No link
Calm water 0 - No link
Ground water 0 - No link

Nomenclature

Accepted Name (Checklist 2017)

Dracocephalum austriacum L.

Vernacular name

Deutscher Name :

Österreicher Drachenkopf

Nom français :

Tête de Dragon d'Autriche

Nome italiano :

Melissa austriaca

Match with other reference books

Relation Nom Book No
=Dracocephalum austriacum L.Checklist 2017141700
=Dracocephalum austriacum L.Flora Helvetica 20011644
=Dracocephalum austriacum L.Flora Helvetica 20121592
=Dracocephalum austriacum L.Flora Helvetica 20181592
=Dracocephalum austriacum L.Index synonymique 1996141700
=Dracocephalum austriacum L.Landolt 19772492
=Dracocephalum austriacum L.Landolt 19912024
=Dracocephalum austriacum L.SISF/ISFS 2141700
=Dracocephalum austriacum L.Welten & Sutter 19821413
= The taxon corresponds to the accepted taxon (Checklist 2017)
< The taxon is included in the accepted taxon (Checklist 2017)
> The taxon includes (among others) also the accepted taxon (Checklist 2017)

Status

Native status

-
IUCN list of endangered species (© Walter & Gillett 1997) : No

Status on national Red List 2016

IUCN status:

 Vulnerable

Vulnerable

Additional information

IUCN criteria: C1; C2a(i)

Status on regional Red List 2019

Biogregraphic regions Status IUCN criteria
Jura (JU) --
Mittelland (MP) --
Alpennordflanke (NA) --
Alpensüdflanke (SA) --
Östliche Zentralalpen (EA) VUC1; C2a(i)
Westliche Zentralalpen (WA) VUC1; C2a(i)
  • Legend
    EXExtinct
    RERegionally Extinct
    CR(PE)Critically Endangered, Probably Extinct
    CRCritically Endangered
    ENEndangered
    VUVulnerable
    NTNear Threatened
    LCLeast Concern

National Priority Species List Status

National Priority 3 - medium national priority
Need to take action 2 -
International responsibility 2 - medium
Need to monitor populations 2 -

Protection status

International (Bern Convention) Yes
GRtotal protection (01.12.2012)
Switzerland total protection
  • Disclaimer
    InfoFlora compiles information on protected species as accurately as possible, taking it from the respective cantonal laws. In some cases, however, it was not possible to use the plant names as listed in the original text, but an interpretation of their taxonomy or nomenclature was necessary. The exact meaning of the categories „completely protected“ and „partially protected“ differs among the cantons.

    InfoFlora cannot guarantee that the information on the protection status is correct and complete. In case of doubts, we recommend to look up the texts of the respective cantonal law.

Conservation

Threats and measures

Bewirtschaftungsänderungen


Extensive Nutzung der Wiesen gewährleisten (keine Düngung und Bewässerung, weiterhin einmal pro Jahr mähen)

Bautätigkeit (touristische Anlagen, Strassen, Leitungen)


Priorität für die Art bei Planung allfälliger Bauvorhaben

Beweidung (v. a. Schafe)


Reduktion des Weidedrucks in intensiv genutzten Bereichen (z. B. Steinisberg bei Ardez)
Kontrolle der Beweidung in allen Fundgebieten

Verbuschung, Verwaldung


Entbuschen
der Ausdehnung des Waldes entgegenwirken (z. B. tiefere Stellen bei Vertsan Dessous)

Freizeitaktivitäten (Tritt)


Zusätzliche Trampelpfade vermeiden
keine Picknick-Plätze anlegen

Sammeln, Ausgraben


Pflanzenschutzgebiete einrichten
Hinweistafeln zu Sammelverbot

Ex situ material

In-situ measures

More informations

Conservation fact sheet (in german)T. Dostalek et al., 2010: Genetic diversity and its effect on fitness in an endangered plant species, Dracocephalum austriacum L., Conserv Genet, 11:773–783T. Dostalek, Z. Münzbergova, 2013: Comparative Population Biology of Critically Endangered Dracocephalum austriacum (Lamiaceae) in Two Distant Regions, Folia Geobot, 48:75–93T. Dostalek, 2005: Identification of critical life history stages in the life cycle of endangered species, Dracocephalum austriacum L., Diploma thesisF. Nicolè, 2005: Biologie de la conservation appliquée aux plantes menacées des Alpes. Ecologie, Environnement. Université Joseph-Fourier - Grenoble I, Français.