Cochlearia officinalis L.

ISFS : 117000
Checklist : 1012730


Species description (© Flora Helvetica 2018)

Ähnlich wie C. pyrenaica, aber bis 50 cm hoch, Spreite der grundständigen Blätter nicht über 2 cm lang, Stängelblätter grob gezähnt, Kronblätter nicht über 6 mm lang, Schötchen breit-eiförmig, 4-7 mm lang, besonders an der Basis gerundet, Stiele fast waagrecht abstehend (Winkel 60-90°), 1-3mal so lang wie die reifen Schötchen.

Flowering period (© Flora Helvetica 2018)


Habitat and distribution inside Switzerland (© Flora Helvetica 2018)

Schuttplätze, salzhaltige Böden / kollin-montan / Früher TI (Mendrisiotto), Unterwallis, Moutier. (St. Genis-Pouilly)

World distribution (© Flora Helvetica 2018)


Ecological indicator (© Landolt & al. 2010)


Distribution map


Before threshold year
After threshold year
Before and after threshold year


Validated observations
Observations waiting for validation
Occurrences from Atlas Welten & Sutter (1982) and supplements (1984, 1994) without confirmation in the Info Flora database since
Before threshold year
After threshold year
Not native / introduced / subspontaneous / escaped

Number of observations

Below the threshold number of observations
Above or equal the threshold number of observations

Habitat and distribution inside Switzerland

Früher TI (Mendrisiotto), Unterwallis, Moutier. (St. Genis-Pouilly)

World distribution



Life form

Monocarpic hemicryptophyte, Therophyte


Habitats © Delarze & al. 2015


Ecological indicator values by © Landolt & al. (2010)

Soil factors Climatic factors Salinity tolerance
Humidity Value H 4w+ Light Value L 4 Salinity Index 1
Reaction Value R 3 Temperature factor T 3+
Nutriments value N 3 Continentality K 2
  • Ecological values legend
    Humidity Value H
    1very dry
    2moderatly dry
    3medium wet
    4very wet
    5submerged or underwater
    fplants living in running water
    umostly submerged plants
    vpartly submerged, partly floating plants
    whumidity moderately variable (± scale of 1-2)
    w+highly variable humidity (scale exceeding ± 2)
    Reaction Value R
    1Very acid (pH 2.5-5.5)
    2acid (pH 3.5-6.5)
    3lightly acid to neutral (pH 4.5-7.5)
    4neutral to basic (pH 5.5-8.5)
    5basic (pH 6-5 -> 8.5
    Nutriments value N
    1very low in nutrients
    2low in nutriments
    3medium-poor to medium-rich in nutrients
    4rich in nutriments
    5very rich in nutriments
    Salinity tolerance
    Light Value L
    1very shady
    3lighted areas
    5highly luminous
    Temperature factor T
    1alpine to nival stages (from the treeline to the snowline)
    1+suprasubalpine and upper subalpine levels (pine and larch forests)
    2subalpine level (coniferous forests without beeches up to the upper limit of spruces)
    2+lower subalpine and upper mountain stages
    3mountain level (beech and silver fir forests, in the central Alps Scots pine forests)
    3+lower mountain and upper hill levels
    4hill level (mixed deciduous oak forests)
    4+hot places, hill level
    5very hot places, hill level (only in the hottest places, typical of southern Europe)
    Continentality K
    1Atlantic (high air humidity, very low temperature variations, mild winters)
    2Sub-Atlantic (high air humidity, low temperature variations, relatively mild winters)
    3sub-Atlantic to subcontinental (average air humidity, moderately variable temperature, slightly low winter temperatures)
    4subcontinental (low air humidity, large temperature variations, rather cold winters)
    5continental (very low air humidity, very large temperature variations, cold winters)


Accepted Name (Checklist 2017)

Cochlearia officinalis L.

Vernacular name

Deutscher Name :

Echtes Löffelkraut

Nom français :

Cranson officinal

Nome italiano :

Coclearia medicinale

Match with other reference books

Relation Nom Book No
=Cochlearia officinalis L.Checklist 2017117000
=Cochlearia officinalis L.Flora Helvetica 2001710
=Cochlearia officinalis L.Flora Helvetica 2012949
=Cochlearia officinalis L.Flora Helvetica 2018949
=Cochlearia officinalis L.Index synonymique 1996117000
=Cochlearia officinalis L.Landolt 19771295
=Cochlearia officinalis L.SISF/ISFS 2117000
=Cochlearia officinalis L.Welten & Sutter 1982547
= The taxon corresponds to the accepted taxon (Checklist 2017)
< The taxon is included in the accepted taxon (Checklist 2017)
> The taxon includes (among others) also the accepted taxon (Checklist 2017)


Native status

IUCN list of endangered species (© Walter & Gillett 1997) : No