Synthesis

Species description (Flora Helvetica 2018)

30-70 cm hoch. Stängel 3kantig, glatt. Blätter 3-6(-9) mm breit, schlaff, oberseits schwach rau. Blütenstand 10-25 cm lang, mit 2-5 weiblichen und meist einer endständigen männlichen Ähre. Weibliche Ähren lang gestielt, 2-6 cm lang, zur Fruchtzeit nickend. Narben 3. Deckspelzen weisshäutig oder bräunlich, lang zugespitzt. Fruchtschläuche bräunlich-grün, matt, mit 2 vorstehenden Nerven, in den 2-3 mm langen Schnabel verschmälert, mit diesem 4,5-6 mm lang.

Flowering period (Flora Helvetica 2018)

5-6

Habitat and distribution inside Switzerland (Flora Helvetica 2018)

Wälder / kollin-montan(-subalpin) / CH

Ecological indicator (Landolt & al. 2010)

3+w33-23+3.h.2n=58
.

Distribution map

Simple

Before threshold year
After threshold year
Before and after threshold year

Advanced

Colors
Validated observations
Observations waiting for validation
Occurrences from Atlas Welten & Sutter (1982) and supplements (1984, 1994) without confirmation in the Info Flora database since
Symbols
Before threshold year
After threshold year
Native
Reintroduced
Not native / introduced / subspontaneous / escaped
Doubtful

Number of observations

Below the threshold number of observations
Above or equal the threshold number of observations

Nomenclature

Vernacular name

Deutscher Name:
Wald-Segge
Nom français:
Laiche des forêts
Nome italiano:
Carice delle selve

Match with other reference books

Relation Nom Book No
=Carex sylvatica Huds.Checklist 201794700
=Carex sylvatica Huds.Flora Helvetica 20012577
=Carex sylvatica Huds.Flora Helvetica 20122753
=Carex sylvatica Huds.Flora Helvetica 20182753
=Carex sylvatica Huds.Index synonymique 199694700
=Carex sylvatica Huds.Landolt 1977537
=Carex sylvatica Huds.Landolt 1991473
=Carex sylvatica Huds.SISF/ISFS 294700
=Carex sylvatica Huds.Welten & Sutter 19822460

= The taxon corresponds to the accepted taxon (Checklist 2017)
< The taxon is included in the accepted taxon (Checklist 2017)
> The taxon includes (among others) also the accepted taxon (Checklist 2017)

Status

Native status   -  -

Status on national Red List 2016

flora.fl.statut_iucn:   Least concern

LC: Non menacé

flora.fl.complementary_informations

IUCN criteria: --

  • Legend
    EXExtinct
    RERegionally Extinct
    CR(PE)Critically Endangered, Probably Extinct
    CRCritically Endangered
    ENEndangered
    VUVulnerable
    NTNear Threatened
    LCLeast Concern

IUCN list of endangered species (Walter & Gillett 1997)

No

flora.fl.prio_title

flora.fl.prio_priority K - no national priority
flora.fl.prio_measures --
flora.fl.prio_responsability K - none
flora.fl.prio_monitor --

Protection status

International (Bern Convention) No
Cantonal--
Switzerland --

Ecology

Life form

Habitats

flora.fl.habitats_delarze

NO INFORMATION

Ecological indicator values by Landolt & al. (2010)

flora.fl.val_ecologique_sol flora.fl.val_ecologique_climat flora.fl.val_ecologique_salinite
flora.fl.val_ecologique_H 3+w flora.fl.val_ecologique_L 2 flora.fl.val_ecologique_S --
flora.fl.val_ecologique_R 3 flora.fl.val_ecologique_T 3+
flora.fl.val_ecologique_N 3 flora.fl.val_ecologique_C 3
  • flora.fl.val_ecologique_legende
    flora.fl.val_ecologique_H
    1flora.fl.val_ecologique_H_1
    1+flora.fl.val_ecologique_H_1plus
    2flora.fl.val_ecologique_H_2
    2+flora.fl.val_ecologique_H_2plus
    3flora.fl.val_ecologique_H_3
    3+flora.fl.val_ecologique_H_3plus
    4flora.fl.val_ecologique_H_4
    4+flora.fl.val_ecologique_H_4plus
    5flora.fl.val_ecologique_H_5
    ^flora.fl.val_ecologique_H_f
    Uflora.fl.val_ecologique_H_u
    Vflora.fl.val_ecologique_H_v
    wflora.fl.val_ecologique_W_2
    w+flora.fl.val_ecologique_W_3
    flora.fl.val_ecologique_R
    1flora.fl.val_ecologique_R_1
    2flora.fl.val_ecologique_R_2
    3flora.fl.val_ecologique_R_3
    4flora.fl.val_ecologique_R_4
    5flora.fl.val_ecologique_R_5
    flora.fl.val_ecologique_N
    1flora.fl.val_ecologique_N_1
    2flora.fl.val_ecologique_N_2
    3flora.fl.val_ecologique_N_3
    4flora.fl.val_ecologique_N_4
    5flora.fl.val_ecologique_N_5
    flora.fl.val_ecologique_salinite
    1flora.fl.val_ecologique_salinite_s
    3flora.fl.val_ecologique_salinite_ss
    flora.fl.val_ecologique_L
    1flora.fl.val_ecologique_L_1
    2flora.fl.val_ecologique_L_2
    3flora.fl.val_ecologique_L_3
    4flora.fl.val_ecologique_L_4
    5flora.fl.val_ecologique_L_5
    flora.fl.val_ecologique_T
    1flora.fl.val_ecologique_T_1
    1+flora.fl.val_ecologique_T_1plus
    2flora.fl.val_ecologique_T_2
    2+flora.fl.val_ecologique_T_2plus
    3flora.fl.val_ecologique_T_3
    3+flora.fl.val_ecologique_T_3plus
    4flora.fl.val_ecologique_T_4
    4+flora.fl.val_ecologique_T_4plus
    5flora.fl.val_ecologique_T_5
    flora.fl.val_ecologique_C
    1flora.fl.val_ecologique_C_1
    2flora.fl.val_ecologique_C_2
    3flora.fl.val_ecologique_C_3
    4flora.fl.val_ecologique_C_4
    5flora.fl.val_ecologique_C_5

Anatomy

Images and descriptions (© Fritz H. Schweingruber & Hugo Berger)

text alt Leaves, 100x
text alt Leaves, 400x
text alt Stems, 100x
text alt Stems 400x

Summary of leaf anatomy (German)

Verbindungs-Steg zwischen oberer und unterer Epidermis aus verholzten und nicht verholzten Zellen. Leitbündel im Verbindungs-Steg oben eingebettet. Leitbündelhülle nicht verholzt.

Summary of stem anatomy (German)

Umriss stumpf-dreieckig. Leitbündel in mehreren Reihen. Konische Stützen. Grosse, unregelmässige Intercellularen. Epidermiszellen nicht verholzt.

Description

Culm-diameter 2-5 mm, center full, radius of culm in relation to wall thickness 1:1. Outline triangular, obtusely. Culm-center full, containing unlignified cells. Center with net-like aerenchyma (stellate). Epidermis cells thin-walled all around. Large vascular bundles arranged in 2-3 peripheral rows. Small or rudimentary vascular bundles within the chlorenchyma. Chlorenchyma in round, oval, square or rectangular groups. Sclerenchyma belt absent. Groups of sclerenchyma conic. Vascular bundles collateral closed. Sclerenchymatic sheath around vascular bundles circular large, 3 to x cells. Vessels arrangement in vascular bundles in lateral position. Largest vessel in the bundle small, < 20μm. Cavities (intercellulars) between parenchyma-cells small, often triangular. Cavities (intercellulars) between parenchyma-cells round, oval or radial. Distinct cavities (intercellulars) in the protoxylem area of vascular bundles. Crystals absent.