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Botrychium multifidum (S. G. Gmel.) Rupr.

Botrychium multifidum (S. G. Gmel.) Rupr.

Species
ISFS : 63500
Checklist : 1007010

Synthesis

Species description (© Flora Helvetica 2018)

5-20 cm hoch. Sporangienstand rispig, lang gestielt. Steriler Teil nahe über dem Grund abzweigend, bis 5 cm lang gestielt, fleischig-starr, zuerst behaart, dann kahl, Umriss breit 3eckig, 2-3fach gefiedert, mit ovalen bis rundlichen Abschnitten.

Flowering period (© Flora Helvetica 2018)

8

Habitat and distribution inside Switzerland (© Flora Helvetica 2018)

Magerrasen, Weiden / kollin-subalpin / GR (Prättigau), TI

World distribution (© Flora Helvetica 2018)

Eurosibirisch-
nordamerikanisch

Ecological indicator (© Landolt & al. 2010)

222-42+4.g.2n=90

Status

IUCN status

 Critically endangered

National Priority

 1 - very high national priority

International responsibility

 2 - medium

Conservation

Threats


Bewirtschaftungsänderungen, v. a. Vergandung
Frass (Schnecken, Vieh), Tritt
Bautätigkeit; touristische Erschliessung
Düngung
Konkurrenzpflanzen, dichtere Vegetation
Sammeln
Kleine, isolierte Populationen

Distribution map

Simple

Before threshold year
After threshold year
Before and after threshold year

Advanced

Colors
Validated observations
Observations waiting for validation
Occurrences from Atlas Welten & Sutter (1982) and supplements (1984, 1994) without confirmation in the Info Flora database since
Symbols
Before threshold year
After threshold year
Native
Reintroduced
Not native / introduced / subspontaneous / escaped
Doubtful

Number of observations

Below the threshold number of observations
Above or equal the threshold number of observations

Habitat and distribution inside Switzerland

GR (Prättigau), TI

World distribution

Eurosibirisch-
nordamerikanisch

Ecology

Life form

Geophyte

Habitats

Habitats © Delarze & al. 2015

Less strictly linked to a specific habitat 4.3.5 - Borstgrasrasen (Nardion)

bold Dominant species, influencing the appearance of the habitat
Character species Character species
Less strictly linked to a specific habitat Less strictly linked to a specific habitat

Ecological indicator values by © Landolt & al. (2010)

Soil factors Climatic factors Salinity tolerance
Humidity Value H 2 Light Value L 4 Salinity Index --
Reaction Value R 2 Temperature factor T 2+
Nutriments value N 2 Continentality K 4
  • Ecological values legend
    Humidity Value H
    1very dry
    1+dry
    2moderatly dry
    2+moist
    3medium wet
    3+wet
    4very wet
    4+soggy
    5submerged or underwater
    fplants living in running water
    umostly submerged plants
    vpartly submerged, partly floating plants
    whumidity moderately variable (± scale of 1-2)
    w+highly variable humidity (scale exceeding ± 2)
    Reaction Value R
    1Very acid (pH 2.5-5.5)
    2acid (pH 3.5-6.5)
    3lightly acid to neutral (pH 4.5-7.5)
    4neutral to basic (pH 5.5-8.5)
    5basic (pH 6-5 -> 8.5
    Nutriments value N
    1very low in nutrients
    2low in nutriments
    3medium-poor to medium-rich in nutrients
    4rich in nutriments
    5very rich in nutriments
    Salinity tolerance
    1halotolerant
    3halophyle
    Light Value L
    1very shady
    2shady
    3lighted areas
    4luminous
    5highly luminous
    Temperature factor T
    1alpine to nival stages (from the treeline to the snowline)
    1+suprasubalpine and upper subalpine levels (pine and larch forests)
    2subalpine level (coniferous forests without beeches up to the upper limit of spruces)
    2+lower subalpine and upper mountain stages
    3mountain level (beech and silver fir forests, in the central Alps Scots pine forests)
    3+lower mountain and upper hill levels
    4hill level (mixed deciduous oak forests)
    4+hot places, hill level
    5very hot places, hill level (only in the hottest places, typical of southern Europe)
    Continentality K
    1Atlantic (high air humidity, very low temperature variations, mild winters)
    2Sub-Atlantic (high air humidity, low temperature variations, relatively mild winters)
    3sub-Atlantic to subcontinental (average air humidity, moderately variable temperature, slightly low winter temperatures)
    4subcontinental (low air humidity, large temperature variations, rather cold winters)
    5continental (very low air humidity, very large temperature variations, cold winters)

Water dependency

Rivers 0 - No link
Calm water 0 - No link
Ground water 0 - No link

Nomenclature

Accepted Name (Checklist 2017)

Botrychium multifidum (S. G. Gmel.) Rupr.

Vernacular name

Deutscher Name :

Vielspaltige Mondraute

Nom français :

Botryche multifide

Nome italiano :

Botrichio multifido

Match with other reference books

Relation Nom Book No
=Botrychium multifidum (S. G. Gmel.) Rupr.Checklist 201763500
=Botrychium multifidum (S. G. Gmel.) Rupr.Flora Helvetica 200125
=Botrychium multifidum (S. G. Gmel.) Rupr.Flora Helvetica 201215
=Botrychium multifidum (S. G. Gmel.) Rupr.Flora Helvetica 201815
=Botrychium multifidum (S. G. Gmel.) Rupr.Index synonymique 199663500
=Botrychium multifidum (S. G. Gmel.) Rupr.Landolt 197765
=Botrychium multifidum (S. G. Gmel.) Rupr.Landolt 199160
=Botrychium multifidum (S. G. Gmel.) Rupr.SISF/ISFS 263500
=Botrychium multifidum (S. G. Gmel.) Rupr.Welten & Sutter 198228
= The taxon corresponds to the accepted taxon (Checklist 2017)
< The taxon is included in the accepted taxon (Checklist 2017)
> The taxon includes (among others) also the accepted taxon (Checklist 2017)

Status

Native status

-
IUCN list of endangered species (© Walter & Gillett 1997) : No

Status on national Red List 2016

IUCN status:

 Critically endangered

Critically endangered

Additional information

IUCN criteria: C2a(i); D

Status on regional Red List 2019

Biogregraphic regions Status IUCN criteria
Jura (JU) --
Mittelland (MP) --
Alpennordflanke (NA) RE
Alpensüdflanke (SA) CRC2a(i); D
Östliche Zentralalpen (EA) CR(PE)
Westliche Zentralalpen (WA) --
  • Legend
    EXExtinct
    RERegionally Extinct
    CR(PE)Critically Endangered, Probably Extinct
    CRCritically Endangered
    ENEndangered
    VUVulnerable
    NTNear Threatened
    LCLeast Concern

National Priority Species List Status

National Priority 1 - very high national priority
Need to take action 2 -
International responsibility 2 - medium
Need to monitor populations 2 -

Protection status

International (Bern Convention) Yes
Cantonal--
Switzerland total protection
  • Disclaimer
    InfoFlora compiles information on protected species as accurately as possible, taking it from the respective cantonal laws. In some cases, however, it was not possible to use the plant names as listed in the original text, but an interpretation of their taxonomy or nomenclature was necessary. The exact meaning of the categories „completely protected“ and „partially protected“ differs among the cantons.

    InfoFlora cannot guarantee that the information on the protection status is correct and complete. In case of doubts, we recommend to look up the texts of the respective cantonal law.

Status by sector of activity

Agriculture-related environmental objectives : Z - more informations
Forest management environmental objectives : - more informations

Conservation

Threats and measures

Bewirtschaftungsänderungen, v. a. Vergandung


Extensive Bewirtschaftung beibehalten (späte Mahd, extensive Weide), Bestand darf weder zu stark beschattet noch zu dicht werden

Frass (Schnecken, Vieh), Tritt


Bestand einzäunen oder evtl. Individuen mit Drahtgeflecht vor Frass und Tritt schützen

Bautätigkeit; touristische Erschliessung


Priorität der Fundstellen vor Bauvorhaben und Erschliessung

Düngung


Keine Düngung im Bereich der Vorkommen

Konkurrenzpflanzen, dichtere Vegetation


Reduktion der unmittelbaren Konkurrenzpflanzen
auflockern der Vegetation

Sammeln


Vorkommen nur den zuständigen Fachstellen bekanntgeben

Kleine, isolierte Populationen


Alljährliche Kontrolle allfälliger Fundstellen
Erfolgskontrolle der Massnahmen gewährleisten.

More informations

Conservation fact sheet (in german)D. G. Anderson, 2005: Botrychium multifidum (Gmel.) Rupr. (leathery grapefern), A Technical Conservation Assessment, Prepared for the USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Region, Species Conservation ProjectK. Horn, P. Sackwitz & T. Wilhalm, 2005: Die Verbreitung seltener Mondrauten (Botrychium spp., Ophioglossaceae, Pteridophyta) in Südtirol und dem angrenzenden Trentino (Italien), Gredleriana Vol. 5, pp. 59 - 84