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Asplenium billotii F. W. Schultz

Asplenium billotii F. W. Schultz

Species
ISFS : 50100
Checklist : 1005410

Synthesis

Species description (© Flora Helvetica 2018)

Blattspreite 8-20 cm lang und 3-9 cm breit, (ca.2,5mal so lang wie breit), breit-lanzettlich, doppelt gefiedert, nach unten nur wenig verschmälert, Fiederchen oval, stachelig gezähnt. Sori länglich, näher beim Rand als beim Mittelnerv, Schleier zuletzt oft verdeckt. Blattstiel etwas kürzer als die Spreite, glänzend rotbraun, oft auch die Spindel.

Flowering period (© Flora Helvetica 2018)

8-9

Habitat and distribution inside Switzerland (© Flora Helvetica 2018)

Felsen und Mauern, auf Silikat / kollin / TI (Centovalli, Ronco)

World distribution (© Flora Helvetica 2018)

Mediterran-westeuropäisch

Ecological indicator (© Landolt & al. 2010)

323+34+1.h.2n=144

Status

IUCN status

 Critically endangered

National Priority

 1 - very high national priority

International responsibility

 2 - medium

Conservation

Threats


Überbauung, Zerstörung der letzten mörtelfreien Trockenmauern, Umwandlung von Trocken- in Mörtel- und Betonmauern
Zerfall der Trockenmauern
Überwucherung durch Konkurrenzpflanzen (Efeu, Brombeeren u. a.)
Intensivierung oder Aufgabe der Rebnutzung (potentielle Fundstellen)
Sammeln, Zerstörung durch Nachlässigkeit
Wenige, isolierte Populationen

Distribution map

Simple

Before threshold year
After threshold year
Before and after threshold year

Advanced

Colors
Validated observations
Observations waiting for validation
Occurrences from Atlas Welten & Sutter (1982) and supplements (1984, 1994) without confirmation in the Info Flora database since
Symbols
Before threshold year
After threshold year
Native
Reintroduced
Not native / introduced / subspontaneous / escaped
Doubtful

Number of observations

Below the threshold number of observations
Above or equal the threshold number of observations

Habitat and distribution inside Switzerland

TI (Centovalli, Ronco)

World distribution

Mediterran-westeuropäisch

Ecology

Life form

Perennial hemicryptophyte

Habitats

Habitats © Delarze & al. 2015

Character species 3.4.2.2 - Silikatfelsflur (Androsacion vandellii)

bold Dominant species, influencing the appearance of the habitat
Character species Character species
Less strictly linked to a specific habitat Less strictly linked to a specific habitat

Ecological indicator values by © Landolt & al. (2010)

Soil factors Climatic factors Salinity tolerance
Humidity Value H 3 Light Value L 3 Salinity Index 1
Reaction Value R 2 Temperature factor T 4+
Nutriments value N 3 Continentality K 1
  • Ecological values legend
    Humidity Value H
    1very dry
    1+dry
    2moderatly dry
    2+moist
    3medium wet
    3+wet
    4very wet
    4+soggy
    5submerged or underwater
    fplants living in running water
    umostly submerged plants
    vpartly submerged, partly floating plants
    whumidity moderately variable (± scale of 1-2)
    w+highly variable humidity (scale exceeding ± 2)
    Reaction Value R
    1Very acid (pH 2.5-5.5)
    2acid (pH 3.5-6.5)
    3lightly acid to neutral (pH 4.5-7.5)
    4neutral to basic (pH 5.5-8.5)
    5basic (pH 6-5 -> 8.5
    Nutriments value N
    1very low in nutrients
    2low in nutriments
    3medium-poor to medium-rich in nutrients
    4rich in nutriments
    5very rich in nutriments
    Salinity tolerance
    1halotolerant
    3halophyle
    Light Value L
    1very shady
    2shady
    3lighted areas
    4luminous
    5highly luminous
    Temperature factor T
    1alpine to nival stages (from the treeline to the snowline)
    1+suprasubalpine and upper subalpine levels (pine and larch forests)
    2subalpine level (coniferous forests without beeches up to the upper limit of spruces)
    2+lower subalpine and upper mountain stages
    3mountain level (beech and silver fir forests, in the central Alps Scots pine forests)
    3+lower mountain and upper hill levels
    4hill level (mixed deciduous oak forests)
    4+hot places, hill level
    5very hot places, hill level (only in the hottest places, typical of southern Europe)
    Continentality K
    1Atlantic (high air humidity, very low temperature variations, mild winters)
    2Sub-Atlantic (high air humidity, low temperature variations, relatively mild winters)
    3sub-Atlantic to subcontinental (average air humidity, moderately variable temperature, slightly low winter temperatures)
    4subcontinental (low air humidity, large temperature variations, rather cold winters)
    5continental (very low air humidity, very large temperature variations, cold winters)

Water dependency

Rivers 0 - No link
Calm water 0 - No link
Ground water 0 - No link

Nomenclature

Accepted Name (Checklist 2017)

Asplenium billotii F. W. Schultz

Vernacular name

Deutscher Name :

Billots Streifenfarn

Nom français :

Capillaire de Billot

Nome italiano :

Asplenio lanceolato

Match with other reference books

Relation Nom Book No
=Asplenium billotii F. W. SchultzChecklist 201750100
=Asplenium billotii F. W. SchultzFlora Helvetica 200172
=Asplenium billotii F. W. SchultzFlora Helvetica 201248
=Asplenium billotii F. W. SchultzFlora Helvetica 201848
=Asplenium billotii F. W. SchultzIndex synonymique 199650100
=Asplenium billotii F. W. SchultzLandolt 197745
=Asplenium billotii F. W. SchultzLandolt 199142
=Asplenium billotii F. W. SchultzSISF/ISFS 250100
=Asplenium billotii F. W. SchultzWelten & Sutter 198245
= The taxon corresponds to the accepted taxon (Checklist 2017)
< The taxon is included in the accepted taxon (Checklist 2017)
> The taxon includes (among others) also the accepted taxon (Checklist 2017)

Status

Native status

-
IUCN list of endangered species (© Walter & Gillett 1997) : No

Status on national Red List 2016

IUCN status:

 Critically endangered

Critically endangered

Additional information

IUCN criteria: D

Status on regional Red List 2019

Biogregraphic regions Status IUCN criteria
Jura (JU) --
Mittelland (MP) --
Alpennordflanke (NA) --
Alpensüdflanke (SA) CRD
Östliche Zentralalpen (EA) --
Westliche Zentralalpen (WA) RE
  • Legend
    EXExtinct
    RERegionally Extinct
    CR(PE)Critically Endangered, Probably Extinct
    CRCritically Endangered
    ENEndangered
    VUVulnerable
    NTNear Threatened
    LCLeast Concern

National Priority Species List Status

National Priority 1 - very high national priority
Need to take action 2 -
International responsibility 2 - medium
Need to monitor populations 1 -

Protection status

International (Bern Convention) No
TItotal protection (23.01.2013)
Switzerland --
  • Disclaimer
    InfoFlora compiles information on protected species as accurately as possible, taking it from the respective cantonal laws. In some cases, however, it was not possible to use the plant names as listed in the original text, but an interpretation of their taxonomy or nomenclature was necessary. The exact meaning of the categories „completely protected“ and „partially protected“ differs among the cantons.

    InfoFlora cannot guarantee that the information on the protection status is correct and complete. In case of doubts, we recommend to look up the texts of the respective cantonal law.

Conservation

Threats and measures

Überbauung, Zerstörung der letzten mörtelfreien Trockenmauern, Umwandlung von Trocken- in Mörtel- und Betonmauern


Schutz und Erhaltung aller noch bestehenden Trockenmauern
Renaturierung von vermörtelten Mauern
Neuschaffung von Silikat-Trockenmauern

Zerfall der Trockenmauern


Schonende Pflege sowie regelmässige Instandsetzung der Trockenmauern (ohne Mörtel!)

Überwucherung durch Konkurrenzpflanzen (Efeu, Brombeeren u. a.)


Entfernen der unmittelbaren Konkurrenzpflanzen an den bestehenden Fundstellen

Intensivierung oder Aufgabe der Rebnutzung (potentielle Fundstellen)


Kein Herbizideinsatz am Rand der Rebberge
Erhaltung der bestehenden Rebflächen mit ihren Grenzmauern

Sammeln, Zerstörung durch Nachlässigkeit


Orientierung der Gemeinde und Besitzer
keine öffentliche Bekanntgabe der Fundstellen

Wenige, isolierte Populationen


Schutz (Mikroreservate)
regelmässige Bestandeskontrollen
Dauerflächen-Beobachtung
Erfolgskontrolle der Massnahmen gewährleisten

Ex situ material

In-situ measures

More informations

Conservation fact sheet (in german)